Genealogy has become a hobby for me over the last 10 years. For me, it's like a puzzle, I love fitting the pieces together. But over the years, I've researched a lot that does not pertain to our family lines. Some for extended family, some for close friends, and some because I was trying to rule out lines to figure out where our line went exactly. I do not want these notes on my Heather's Genealogy Notes blog - because they are not our lines. But I do like to share all of my research, in case it benefits others. That is what this blog is for - research I have done that does not apply to our own family lines, but may be helpful for someone else.

Thursday, September 1, 2016

Jacob Moore

Jacob Moore
Born April 30 1773  in Ireland
Died August 23 1857 in Pennsylvania
Margaret Robb
Born September 15 1800
Died May 2 1877

 Jacob is believed to have immigrated from Ireland.  Another researcher has the following notes: "Jacob was born approx 30 Apr 1773 wife Margaret Robb (b 15 Sept 1800 d  2 May 1877 buried Highland Cem. #12.) Jacob' s burial was at the Methodist
 Episcopal Church Cemetery No. 10 in Salona, Lamar Twp., Clinton Co., Pa
and the inscription were copied by John J. Johnstonbaugh listing d 8-23-1857
and  vitals as 84y 3m 23d s/o Working back determined his birth date.
Irish-Presbyterian-Belief. Settled 1-1/2 miles- Clynderdale (must be
Clintondale in Centre Co which is now Clinton Co (near Lock haven) PA.
Built cabin around stump. An Aunt reported birth in Mayo County Ireland, 
Listed in the 1850 Census of Porter Township, Clinton Co. PA as 76 yrs
old  and a farmer."

Name Jacob Moore
Age 76
Birth Year abt 1774
Birthplace Pennsylvania
Home in 1850 Porter, Clinton, Pennsylvania, USA
Gender Male
Family Number 126
Household Members
Name Age
Jacob Moore 76
Marget Moore 50
Nancy Moore 12
Edward Moore 10
John Moore 8
Marget Moore 5

Monday, July 25, 2016

The Truckenmiller / Druckenmiller Connection

My husband Daniel's 6th great grandfather, Sebastian Truckenmiller, came to America in 1732.  He married, and had 8 children.  My husband is descended from Sebastian's youngest son, Jacob.  

Sebastian's second son, George, married Susanna Lohr.  Although it's not the only time Truckenmiller was written as Druckenmiller, George's children all appear to use the Druckenmiller spelling.

Although there are other Druckenmiller and Truckenmiller lines that came to America at later dates, and there are other times that Truckenmiller was spelled Druckenmiller (or Druckenmueler) many Druckenmiller's in our area can trace their line back to George Truckenmiller, son of immigrant Sebastian Truckenmiller.

More about Sebastian Truckenmiller -

More on Michael Druckenmiller 1784-1846  here -

From Floyd's History Of North'd County - 

"The family has become numerous in eastern and central Pennsylvania, and the name is often found corrupted into Druckenmiller, the Berks county branch spelling it so. The ancestor of the Northumberland family, Sebastian Truckenmiller, spelled it with a "T," however, and that seems to be the correct form.  Sebastian Truckenmiller came to America on the pink "John and William," of Sunderland, Constable Tymperton, master, from Rotterdam,
which qualified at Philadelphia Oct. 17, 1732. On the original list of passengers (Pennsylvania Archives, Vol. XVII, Second Series, pages 72- 73)"

and later - 

"As previously mentioned, some branches of the family spell the name
Druckenmiller. Of these, Michael Druckenmiller, millwright, of Hereford
township, Berks county, was said to be a descendant of the Charles
Truckenmiller who in 1790 lived in Hereford township. Michael's children
were: Daniel, Enos, Clara, Hannah, Lucy and Elizabeth.
Enos Druckenmiller (as he wrote his name), son of Michael, was born
Dec. 14, 1821, and died March 29, 1899, at Zieglersville in Upper
Milford township, Lehigh Co., Pa., his death being caused by apoplexy.
He is buried in the Lutheran cemetery at that place, and was long an
active worker in the church, in all its departments; serving as elder
and Sunday school teacher. He was a member of the building committee
when the new church was erected. For many years he was director of a
singing school. Mr. Druckenmiller was a prosperous farmer and mechanic
all his life, owning several farms.:

Monday, February 8, 2016

Large Parade Celebrates the completion of the Road between Turbotville & Danville Pa

240 cars, and 2,500 people came out to celebrate the opening of the new road between Danville and Turbotville.  The Danville Band, Boy Scout Drums, and Bugle and Levites School of Music took part, on the beds of trucks, in the parade.

The parade formed in Turbotville, with cars joining in at Washingtonville, and a contingent from Elysburg and Mt Carmel joined in.

The Rev Mr Clark welcomed the crowd to Turbotville, declaring the day inwich dreams came true.  He predicted the road would bring neighbors closer. 

It took 5 years to complete the 2.6 mile stretch, which included 4 bridges - one 38 foot span across the Chillisquaque creek, and three 12 foot bridges.

In 1930 6 miles from Washingtonville towards Turbotville was built for $200,000.
In 1928 a two mile section from Turbotville to the Susquehanna Trail was built, at a cost of $100,000. In 1927 two miles from Washingtonville to Danville was built at a cost of $84,000.

The Morning News
Danville, Pennsylvania
Thu, Jul 27, 1933 – Page 1

Mount Carmel Item 
(Mount Carmel, Pennsylvania)
27 Jul 1933, Thu • Page 1

The new road was heralded as  a "shortcut from Williamsport to Philadelphia"

The Morning News 
(Danville, Pennsylvania)
13 Jul 1933, Thu • Page 1

The Morning News 
(Danville, Pennsylvania)
18 Jul 1933, Tue • Page 1

Tuesday, January 26, 2016

Chillisquaque Presbyterian Church, Burnt By Indians

In 1778 the Revolutionary War was well under way.  Native Americans in north and central Pennsylvania allied with the Loyalists, and were devastating small communities along the susquehanna river.  Most of the settlers fled their homes and relocated to Fort Augusta, while the Indians burn their  houses and farms to the ground.  

I do not know the exact date that the Chillisquaque Presbyterian church was burnt, but we do know it was the same year of the battle at nearby Fort Freeland, and it appears to have been the result of the same conflict.

"By 1779 Northumberland County was on the edge of the American frontier and Native Americans who sided with the British during the war had brought the conflict to local settlers. George Washington had ordered Major General John Sullivan to invade the Iroquoian homeland in order to relieve the pressure on the frontier, but before he could complete his campaign, attacks were made in New York and Pennsylvania in hopes that Sullivan would divide his force and make his army a less formidable foe to the Iroquois."

The paragraphs below are from a sermon by H.G Finney, originally preached in 1876, and so far they hold the most information I could find on the church being burnt to the ground.

"Imagination cannot conceive the perils with which the early settlers of this country were surrounded. Never could they have a consciousness of security safe throw trust in the Lord of hosts. The vast forest which surrounded them on all sides with a working place of the savage treacherous treacherous merciless Indian. Any hour of the night or when the day in overpowering numbers they might be upon them. When leaving home they could hardly ever be sure it would not be to find upon returning their wives and children put to the scalping knife or which was perhaps even worse scary captive by the savages and their homes and ashes. When they enjoyed the sharing precious privilege of meeting in their little church for worship or when they went out into their little stuffy field to read their small crop they must take their rifles along for defense against the scalp king Evil Joe.  Time came when the ever present danger seem so greatly to increase that they had to leave their homes and fleet of one of the small for which the government head cause to be constructed along the river. Probably it would be to Ford Augusta at Sunbury that seems to have been the strongest one among in them.

One of the fathers of mine yesterday tells me that his own maternal grandparents mr. And mrs. Session while sleeping with their bad for safety to one of their forwards were overtaken by some Indians. The child was killed his wife was left as it was supposed dead. And Mr Dawson was taken captive. Some friends found her lying there still alive. They took her to Fort Augusta. She recovered her husband some years after work either escaped or was exchanged infirmity years after where they lived as members of this church. Another father among us tells me that grandfather and grandmother Curry were riding along a path through the woods on the other side of Montour Ridge when attacked by some savages. First two sources shot and he has murdered and scalped. Soon after her horse made with similar fate and she is caught and lead away over the mountain several miles distant. But the following night she escapes and reaches her little home the next morning where her little children, the eldest seven, had stayed alone. He knows nothing of such experience.

One day of one of the years of the war the sad news started through the congregation that their church was in ashes. A company of cowardly Indians and set it on fire. The people that work hard in their property to get it. It was yet new. It was a precious place the house of God to more than a few of the people. Tears were shed as I told and heard a sad story. That's where they called the passed through many changes and trials. For years they were without any building. During those years of war sacrifice and suffering it is likely they had but little preaching. Whenever a minister did make the perilous journey through the woods to give them a day is preaching they would meet and worship there among the trees."


Shamokin News-Dispatch 
(Shamokin, Pennsylvania)
11 Sep 1937, Sat • Page 5

Shamokin News-Dispatch 
(Shamokin, Pennsylvania)
22 Aug 1930, Fri • Page 1

Saturday, January 23, 2016

The Exchange Bank Robbery, October 1931

The Morning News , (Danville, Pennsylvania), 
30 Oct 1931, Fri • Page 1

I came across this photo in the booklet Old Photos Of Montour County Pa, at the Montgomery House Library in McEwensville. The book gave no further explanation, so I did a little research, which is shown below.

On October 30 1931, three unmasked bandits robbed the Exchange Bank, in Exchange, Montour County PA, of $1100.  

Two men were arrested in Tioga County, they were similar in description to the robbers,and were driving a blue oakland sedan, similar to the one used in the robbery.  James Dennen, the cashier who was bound during the robbery, could not identify the men, so they were released.

The Morning News 
(Danville, Pennsylvania)
2 Nov 1931, Mon • Page 1

The bandits had lived for a few days in the dense woods on a farm owned by McCarty, in the Northern end of Northumberland County PA.
The Morning News 
(Danville, Pennsylvania)
16 Nov 1931, Mon • Page 1

The Morning News 
(Danville, Pennsylvania)
20 Nov 1931, Fri • Page 3

Shamokin News-Dispatch 
(Shamokin, Pennsylvania)
8 Feb 1932, Mon • Page 1
The Morning News 
(Danville, Pennsylvania)
9 Feb 1932, Tue • Page 1

I do not know where the Allenwood bank was/is located.  A July 26 1932 article in the Morning News tells us that the assets were bought by the Watsontown National Bank.  It says that the Allenwood bank was established in the "horse and buggy days, when it was practically necessary in order to carry on business of the community to have a bank near the center of the community."

The Morning News 
(Danville, Pennsylvania)
10 Feb 1932, Wed • Page 1

Two women are linked to the Allenwood & Exchange Robberies. Two women picked up the men after they hid the car in Orangeville.  Fred Ungard, the postmaster and Allenwood merchant followed the bandits as far as Blue Ball where he grave up the chase. One of the men had fired a gun at him.

Shamokin News-Dispatch 
(Shamokin, Pennsylvania)
11 Feb 1932, Thu • Page 2

The Allenwood Bank robbery & Exchange Bank Robbery are believed to be committed by the same bandits. (and they were correct - the Shooks were the primaries in both)
The Morning News 
(Danville, Pennsylvania)
11 Feb 1932, Thu • Page 1

When the Wilkes Barre Bank robbers were caught, James Brennen, and a cashier from the Allenwood bank that was also robbed, went to Wilkes Barre to see if they were the same bandits that robbed them,but they were not.

The Morning News 
(Danville, Pennsylvania)
19 Feb 1932, Fri • Page 1

Reuben & Luther Shook, John Maley & Floyd Hoover confess to robbing the Allenwood & Exchange banks. They were planning to rob the banks at Picture and Laporte.

The Wilkes-Barre Record 
(Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania)
6 Apr 1932, Wed • Page 1

The Allenwood bank was robbed February 8 1932.  Floyd Hoover helped Reuben & Luther Shook with the Allenwood robbery, John Maley was not involved at Allenwood, he was only the driver for the Exchange robbery.

The Morning News 
(Danville, Pennsylvania)
7 Apr 1932, Thu • Page 1

Luther paid his $80 fine, for destroying light stands in a car accident in Williamsport, with the stolen money.  Luther Shook was married a month after the first robbery, on Thanksgiving day, to a 16 year old girl.

The Morning News 
(Danville, Pennsylvania)
9 Apr 1932, Sat • Page 1

Reuben Shook, who was partially deaf, had trouble hearing the questions in court, his son would repeat them to him.  Reuben testified that it was his suggestion that they rob the bank. He  testified that Luther Shook was his only child, and that his wife was still living. He was employed by Neyhards Hardware Company, Williamsport Pa
He was in jail March 1-June 3 1930, for violation of the Voistead Act.

The National Prohibition Act, known informally as the Volstead Act, was enacted to carry out the intent of the Eighteenth Amendment, which established prohibition in the United States.

Luther's 16 year old wife, married just 4 months earlier, was in the court room.

John Krouse, a neighbor, often talked of robbing the Exchange Bank. He was in the penitentiary for another crime at the time of the trail.

Reuben testified that his son Luther broke two light stand in Williamsport, and was fined $82.  They did not have the money for the fine, so they decided to rob the Exchange bank for the money to pay the fine. Krouse was away from home, but John Maley was at the Shook place, and agreed to drive the car.

The first time they drove up to the bank they lost their nerve.

The second time, Luther Shook tied up the clerk, Maley remained in the car.  When fleeing the bank, Reuben said Maley drove 55 and 60 miles an hour.  Shook became nervous, and asked to drive, saying he knew the roads better.  Shook drove at 40-45 miles per an hour.

The three men divided the loot, and returned to the Shook residence.

Note - "Dark Moleskin pants"appear,from a google search,to be what we think of as Docker style pants.  "Red Mackinaw" is what we refer to as "Woolrich Plaid" - the typical red and black plaid.

The Morning News 
(Danville, Pennsylvania)
13 Apr 1932, Wed • Page 1 & 6

The Morning News 
(Danville, Pennsylvania)
15 Apr 1932, Fri • Page 1

Samuel Fischer of Montoursville purchased $200 from John Maley, one of the Exchange Bank Robbers, and took it to New York to launder it.
Shamokin News-Dispatch 
(Shamokin, Pennsylvania)
21 Apr 1932, Thu • Page 1

Luther Shoop is arrested again in 1940. He was sentenced 10-20 years for the Exchange Bank Robbery, but was released on parole in 1938, 7 years after the robbery.  In 1940, he committed another robbery.

The Morning News 
(Danville, Pennsylvania)
22 Jan 1940, Mon • Page 1


Reuben Henry Shook was the son of Henry H. & Mary Anna Shook.  He was the grandson of Jacob & Mary Snyder Shook.
He married Mabel Weller.
He died on May 2 1980 in Florida, age 87.

Luther Delay Shook was born December 8 1912 to parents Reuben Henry & Mabel (Weller) Shook.
In 1925 he lived at 1525 High St, Williamsport Pa
He married a 16 year old girl in 1931.
He was listed as divorced in 1940, when he was in the Penitentiary in Philadelphia.
Luther Died December 12 1967 and is buried in Lycoming County Pa.

Wednesday, January 20, 2016

Philip Confer 1788-1863

Justin Kirk Houser, the expert on the Confer family, lists Jacob (Heather's 3rd great maternal grandfather) as a son of Philip and Margaretha Haines. (see notes at bottom of this post) Jacob's death certificate, filled out by his daughter Malinda (Confer) Welliver, lists his father as Peter, mother as Unknown.  Death certificates are not always accurate - but until I find other proof, I have to assume Peter is the father of Jacob, not Philip.

Philip Confer
Born 1788
Died 1863
Margaretha Haines
Born 1789
Died 1850

Salome Confer 1810 –
Peter Confer 1811 – 1885
Elizabeth Confer 1812 –
Catherine Confer 1815 –
Rebecca Confer 1817 –
Rosanna Confer 1820 –
John A. Confer 1822 – 1891
Susanna Confer 1826 –
Thomas Confer 1828 – 1865
Henry Confer 1830 –
Michael Confer 1830 – M. Eliza
Anna Mary Confer 1832 –
James Confer 1834 –

1820 Census
Name: Philip Confer
Home in 1820 (City, County, State): Turbut, Northumberland, Pennsylvania
Enumeration Date: August 7, 1820
Free White Persons - Males - Under 10: 1
Free White Persons - Males - 26 thru 44: 1
Free White Persons - Females - Under 10: 1
Free White Persons - Females - 26 thru 44: 1
Number of Persons - Engaged in Agriculture: 1
Free White Persons - Under 16: 2
Free White Persons - Over 25: 2
Total Free White Persons: 4
Total All Persons - White, Slaves, Colored, Other: 4

1830 Census
Name: Philip Confer
Home in 1830 (City, County, State): Moreland, Lycoming, Pennsylvania
Free White Persons - Males - Under 5: 3
Free White Persons - Males - 5 thru 9: 2
Free White Persons - Males - 15 thru 19: 1
Free White Persons - Males - 40 thru 49: 1
Free White Persons - Females - 5 thru 9: 1
Free White Persons - Females - 10 thru 14: 2
Free White Persons - Females - 15 thru 19: 1
Free White Persons - Females - 40 thru 49: 1
Free White Persons - Under 20: 10
Free White Persons - 20 thru 49: 2
Total Free White Persons: 12
Total - All Persons (Free White, Slaves, Free Colored): 12

1840 Census
Name: Philip Confer
Home in 1840 (City, County, State): Moreland, Lycoming, Pennsylvania
Free White Persons - Males - 5 thru 9: 1
Free White Persons - Males - 10 thru 14: 2
Free White Persons - Males - 15 thru 19: 2
Free White Persons - Males - 50 thru 59: 1
Free White Persons - Females - 5 thru 9: 1
Free White Persons - Females - 15 thru 19: 2
Free White Persons - Females - 50 thru 59: 1
Persons Employed in Agriculture: 5
Free White Persons - Under 20: 8
Total Free White Persons: 10
Total All Persons - Free White, Free Colored, Slaves: 10

1850 Census
Name: Philip Koonfer
Age: 62
Birth Year: abt 1788
Birthplace: Pennsylvania
Home in 1850: Moreland, Lycoming, Pennsylvania
Gender: Male
Family Number: 1335
Household Members:
Name Age
Philip Koonfer 62
Margaret Koonfer 61
Susanna Koonfer 24
Micheal Koonfer 20
Mary Koonfer 16
John Koonfer 28
Peter Koonfer 5

1860 Census

Name: Philip Confar
[Philip Confer]
Age in 1860: 70
Birth Year: abt 1790
Birthplace: Pennsylvania
Home in 1860: Moreland, Lycoming, Pennsylvania
Gender: Male
Post Office: Moreland
Value of real estate: View image
Household Members:
Name Age
Philip Confar 70
Henry Confar 30
Sarah Confar 23
Thomas Confar 1
James Confar 28
John W Confar 6
Peter Confar 15
Susanna Kistner 12

Notes from Justin Kirk Houser:
Ahnentafel, Generation No. 5

16. Philip CONFER was born ABT 1788 in , Schuylkill (then Berks) County, Pennsylvania, and died ABT Sep 1863 in Moreland Twp., Lycoming County, Pennsylvania. He was the son of 32. George Peter CONFER and 33. Margaretha.

17. Margaretha HAINES.

Children of Margaretha HAINES and Philip CONFER are: i. Peter CONFER was born ABT 1810 in , , Pennsylvania, and died ABT 1863/1870 in Moreland Twp., Lycoming County, Pennsylvania. He married Catharine. She was born ABT 1810 in , , Pennsylvania, and died ABT Jul 1882.
ii. Salome CONFER was born 26 Mar 1810 in , Schuylkill (then Berks) County, Pennsylvania, was christened 1 Oct 1810 in Salem (Hetzel's) Evangelical Lutheran Church, Pine Grove Twp., Berks County,Pennsylvania.
iii. Elizabeth CONFER was born 15 Jul 1812 in , Schuylkill County, Pennsylvania, was christened 16 Aug 1812 in Salem (Hetzel's) Evangelical Lutheran Church, Pine Grove Twp., Berks County,Pennsylvania.
iv. Thomas CONFER.
v. John CONFER was born 1822, and died 1897 in , Montour County, Pennsylvania. He married Sarah Jane FREEZE.
8. vi. Jacob CONFER was born ABT 1824. He married July Ann Martha ANDES. She was born ABT 1828.
vii. Susanna CONFER was born ABT 1826. She married George CONRAD.
viii. Michael CONFER was born ABT 1830 in , , Pennsylvania, and died 6 Aug 1891 in Franklin Twp., Lycoming County, Pennsylvania. He married Eliza. She was born ABT 1835 in , , Pennsylvania.
ix. Henry CONFER was born ABT 1830. He married Sarah. She was born ABT 1838.
x. James CONFER was born 1832.
xi. Anna Mary CONFER was born ABT 1834. She married William H. ROMIG.
xii. Catharine CONFER. She married George KISTNER.
xiii. Rebecca CONFER. She married Philip REIFSNYDER.
xiv. Rosanna CONFER. She married John WALIZER.


Over the generations they have lived in Switzerland, France, and Germany.  Apparently they converted their religion and became known as the Converts which eventually became Confer.

The Confers : seven centuries of family
Author: Justin K Houser; Wendy J Loudenslager; David A White

Publisher: Baltimore, MD : Gateway Press ; Glen Burnie, MD (P.O. Box 243, Glen Burnie 21060-0243) : Copies from J.K. Houser, ©2002

Guillaume DuRups
Perronnette DeRups
Annelet DuRups
Jehan DuRups
Jehan DuRups
Guillaume DuRups
Jehan DuRups
Hughes DuRups
Jean Jacques DuRups

Maures DuRups

Philip Moritz Converts 1658-1707

Johan Heinreich Conver 1698-1777
 Anna Catharina Clotts

George Peter Confer 1766-1822

Philip Confer 1788-1863
Margaretha Haines

Jake Confare captured by Indians

Jake Confare captured by Indians – from

1820 - 1915
Harold D. Hileman

the 22nd of June, 1820, I was born in the log cabin which Grandfather Milligan had built when the country was almost a wilderness. I was the youngest of nine children. When grandparents established their residence in this three room log cabin, the Indians occasionally made raids on the settlement from their hunting grounds on the head waters of the Susquehanna River, beyond the Alleghenies. One of the worst of the raids of which Grandfather told me, was attended with the massacre of the HOWSER AND OLRAY families. Only two of the Howser families escaping the tomahawk and scalping knife, and these two were taken captive. They were very young children. They remained with the Potawatomies until forty years later, when the government in removing a tribe to the western reserve where what is now the state of Ohio, discovered JOACHIM AND RACHEL HOWSER who were now grown to middle age. Rachel was the wife of a Chief; Joachim, who had refused to marry a squaw, though he was made a chief by virtue of his bravery in the fight with the York State Indians in which the chief was killed by Joachim.

When told of the massacre of their parents and friends by the Potawatomies, when they were taken capture so long before, they were dazed and almost unable to comprehend the situation. However, their liberators prevailed upon them to return to their homeland, and scenes of their childhood, in the hope of that memory, when upon the scenes of their childhood, they would recall something to their minds of the time before the terrible time of their capture. Can we realize the feelings of these two unfortunate people as they were liberated from the Indians? Rachel being the mother of several papooses. Of course she was in the most trying of situation, for she had a mothers love for her children while they were plainly of Indian blood.

They returned to the beautiful and peaceful 
Juniata valley amidst the splendid mammoth oaks, the shell bark hickory, the sycamore and the gigantic black walnuts. The swallows flitted over the stream, and the brownthirst sang in the midst of the bough just as they did forty years before, while this man and woman were barefoot children rollicking in their childish glee. In the presence of this scene much of it remained as it was in their childhood, but nothing was distinctly recalled to their memory, though they thought they could recall some glimpses of the past.

What a sad situation, the memories which might have heaved their bosom of motion, and pained their hearts, are not manifested in their beholding the scenes of their childhood. There remain in the neighborhood a few who will always remember the terrible ordeal, when these two were so cruelly taken from them; and these people tried to suggest things to their memory, but nature had almost sealed the past of that day to them. They remained but a little while until they returned to Potawatomies, to live and to die with them, far beyond the Alleghenies, in what is now the state of 

Father said that several attempts had been made to find the captives but without success. The greatest attempt to do so was when a band of the strongest and the bravest of Huntingdon County ventured into the country of the Potawatomies at Cherry Tree, and while reconnoitering there one, of the strongest and the bravest of the party was suddenly surprised and taken captive by the very Indians whom they were hunting for.

Fortunate it was for JAKE CONFARE that he was so cool headed and brave. His companions soon discovered footprints in the forest and immediately decided that they were those of Jake's captures or slayers. They redoubled their efforts now to overtake them, if possible, but the wile red men escaped their pursuers without allowing themselves to be seen by the white men. They took their captive to their tribe on their hunting grounds in the pine groves of Kittatinny, and here JAKE awaited his fate or a chance to escape.

He lived with them for a year and a half without once events any desire to escape. But some traders came along with some ice skates, and they traded them to the Indians without the Indians having any idea how to use them, and Jake also pretended not to know. So one day while out wobbling about on his skates, he took a chance, and took off skating down the river. Obviously the Indians couldn't catch him, and so he made his escape.

The joy throughout the neighborhood was unbounded when the word was sent around of Jake's escape. The whole community had been in despair after the return of his companions without him. His account of his life while in captivity among the Potawatomie gave intense interest to young and old for many a day. At the time of the return of Rachel and Joachim, Jake Confare and Grandpa were old men. When the brother and his sister returned to the Indians to live the remainder of their lives, it was almost more than Jake and Grandfather could stand. They hated the Potawatomies, and in fact, all of the Indians so intensely.

November, 1999 Copyright ©1999 by Harold D. Hileman

Permission to reprint the "The Memoirs of Michael Hileman Jr." is granted unless specifically stated otherwise, PROVIDED: (1) the reprint is used for non-commercial, educational purposes; and (2) a copy of this notice appears at the end of the reprint.

Guesses on the genealogy –
 I believe this story below is about Jacob "Jake" Confare\Confer, father of George Confair\Confer, married to Mary "Polly" Leamer and father of Jane (Confer) Clapper.
ID: I146720
Name: Jacob CONFER
Surname: Confer
Given Name: Jacob
Sex: M
Birth: 1772
Death: 20 Jan 1832 in Frankstown Twp., Blair (then Huntingdon) County, Pennsylvania
Burial: Jan 1832 Newry Lutheran Cem., Newry, Blair County, Pennsylvania
_UID: 75B03302E8D1D9119949001180B5DD696BD0
Change Date: 1 Jun 2005 at 15:58:03

Father: Johan Peter CONVER I b: 6 Sep 1732 in Zweibr├╝ken, Palatinate, Germany
Mother: Margaretha

Marriage 1 Elizabeth b: 1773