Genealogy has become a hobby for me over the last 10 years. For me, it's like a puzzle, I love fitting the pieces together. But over the years, I've researched a lot that does not pertain to our family lines. Some for extended family, some for close friends, and some because I was trying to rule out lines to figure out where our line went exactly. I do not want these notes on my Heather's Genealogy Notes blog - because they are not our lines. But I do like to share all of my research, in case it benefits others. That is what this blog is for - research I have done that does not apply to our own family lines, but may be helpful for someone else.

Saturday, May 13, 2017

Henry Brown 1839-1886


Henry Brown 
Son Of Daniel & Sarah (Miller) Brown
Birth: 24 Sep 1839
Death: 7 Jun 1886 
Married 1st
Abby Krumm
daughter of
Born: abt 1836
Died June 14 1869
married 2nd
Lydia Zettlemoyer 
Born: abt 1844 
Died: 1896


Children With Abby:
Lydia Brown  – 1869
Sarah Brown 1859 – 
Aby Elizabeth Brown 1866 – 
Daniel Brown 1869 – 1869

Children with Lydia:
Ida M. Brown 1873 – 
Harvey Jacob Brown 1875 – 1953

Time Line:

1836 - Birth of Abby
if she was 33 when she died in 1869, then she was born about 1836

1839 -Birth of Henry
Pennsylvania 

1844 - Birth of Lydia

1850 - Residence

1850 Census
Name: Daniel Brown
Age: 36
Estimated Birth Year: abt 1814
Birth Place: Pennsylvania
Gender: Male
Home in 1850 (City,County,State): Maine twp, Columbia Co, Pennsylvania
Family Number: 98
Household Members:Name Age
Daniel Brown 36
Sarah Brown 31
Henry Brown 10
Ezrer Brown 5
Lydia Brown 3

1854 Charles Nuss Appointed Guardian
 4 Dec
Age: 14
Main Twp, Columbia County Pa 
Henry's father Daniel died in 1854

Orphans Court Appointment of Guardian
4 December 1854 Main Twp, Columbia County Pa
Daniel Brown
Orphans Court Appointment of Guardian
Charles Nuss, Uncle of Henry Brown, Ezra Brown, Lidia & George Brown minors of Daniel
Ezra, Lidia, and George under 14 years
Jacob Yohe, guardian


1850 United States Federal Census about Abby Krum
Name: Abby Krum
Age: 14
Birth Year: abt 1836
Birthplace: Pennsylvania
Home in 1850: Cooper, Montour, Pennsylvania
Gender: Female
Family Number: 15
Household Members:
Name Age
John Krum 56
Maria Krum 48
Jonas Krum 23
Charles Krum 21
Elease Krum 19
Noah Krum 16
Abby Krum 14
Lydia Krum 17
Wm Krum 9
Nathan Krum 7

1860 - Residence
age 21
Cooper, Montour, Pennsylvania



Henry's father Daniel died in 1854


1860 - Residence
Name: Henry Brown
Age in 1860: 21
Birth Year: abt 1839
Home in 1860: Cooper, Montour, Pennsylvania
Gender: Male
Post Office: Danville
Value of real estate: View image
Household Members:
Name Age
Henry Brown 21
Abbe Brown 23
Sarah Brown 9/12
Nathan Oatstine 16
George Brown 10 - Brother of Henry

1869

In the records of: Center Lutheran Church Cemetery  Montour County Pennsylvania, USA

We find
Abbe Brown, Wife of Henry, died June 14 1869, age 33
Daniel Brown, born just 12 days before his mothers death, died 3 months later, on September 6 1869
Lydia died 2 months after her baby brother, on Nov 8 1869
Four deaths in 1869

Also in the cemetery are Martin, age 7 months died in 1874, listed as the son of Henry & Abby, but Abby died in 1869?
and Charles, also age 7 months, died in 1875, also as the son of Henry & Abby
Were these children of Henry & Lydia?  I need to visit the cemetery and see the stones for myself.



1870, Before - Marriage to Lydia Zettlemoyer


1870 - Residence
Age: 28

Residence

Chillisquaque, Northumberland, Pennsylvania, United States



1870 United States Federal Census about Henry Brown

Name: Henry Brown
Age in 1870: 30
Birth Year: abt 1840
Birthplace: Pennsylvania
Home in 1870: Chillisquaque, Northumberland, Pennsylvania
Gender: Male
Post Office: Milton
Value of real estate: View image
Household Members:
Name Age
Henry Brown 30
Lydia Brown 27
Sarah Brown 10
George Brown 6
Aby E Brown 4 (in 1880 she is "Lizzie")
Franklin Brown 1/12

Sarah, George & Aby are all living with Henry in 1860, before he married Lydia.  George is Henry's brother.  The  orphans court record lists: Ezra, Lidia, and George under 14 years.    In 1880 Aby is listed as "Lizzie" in the census.



1880 - Residence
Age: 38
Residence
Chillisquaque, Northumberland, Pennsylvania, United States

1880 United States Federal Census about Henry Brown
Name: Henry Brown
Age: 38
Birth Year: abt 1842
Birthplace: Pennsylvania
Home in 1880: Chillisquaque, Northumberland, Pennsylvania
Race: White
Gender: Male
Relation to Head of House: Self (Head)
Marital Status: Married
Spouse's Name: Lydia Brown
Father's Birthplace: Pennsylvania
Mother's Birthplace: Pennsylvania
Neighbors: View others on page
Occupation: Farmer
Household Members:
Name Age
Henry Brown 38
Lydia Brown 36
George M. Brown 16 (brother of Harvey)
Lizzie A. Brown 14 (Aby  E. in 1870 census - sister of Harvey)
Ida M. Brown 7
Harvey J. Brown 3

Franklin, just 1 and a half in 1870, is not here - did he die young?

1886 - Death
7 Jun
Age: 44

Burial:
U.S., Find A Grave Index, 1600s-Current about Henry Brown
Name: Henry Brown
Birth Date: 24 Sep 1839
Death Date: 7 Jun 1886
Cemetery: Center Lutheran Church Cemetery
Burial or Cremation Place: Montour County, Pennsylvania, United States of America

1896 - Lydia Died




Find A Grave Listing: http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=cr&CRid=216882&CScn=Oak+Grove&CScntry=4&CSst=40&  Lydias tombstone is there, but I could not find Henrys.

Research:

Friday, April 14, 2017

#2 Johannes Schmeck 1717-1762

Johannes Schmeck
Born 1717
Died  Oct. 1762
married
Elizabeth Sheefer
Born 10 Dec 1709 
Died 28 Sep 1782

Children:
Henry
Valentine
Anna Clara
Anna Margaret
Jacob


purchased land 100 Acres 23 MAR 1734 Alsace Twp., Berks Co., PA
property and paid taxes BET 1752 AND 1754 Alsace Twp., Berks Co., PA

Will is on file in Berks Co Courthouse, Pa.

Last Will and Testament of Johannes Schmeck

The Will of Johannes Schmeck late of Alsace Township in the County of Berks and the Province of Pennsylvania Yeoman, By word of mouth made and Declared by him in the Time of his Last Sickness and in the Dwelling House of the said Johannes Schmeck on the twenty fourth Day of October non last past. In the Presence of Us the Subscribers, Who were d?????? and ??? by the same Johannes Schmeck to bear Witness that the following was his Will.
Imprimis
My Will is that my oldest son Henry Schmeck shall have, to him his Heirs his offspring forever. All that my Messuage or Tenement Plantation and Tract of Land with the Appurtenances shiale in Exeter Township and the Count of Berks aforesaid.
Item. My will is that my son Valentine Schmeck shall have, To him his offspring forever. All that my Messuage or Tenement Plantation and Tract of Land shiale in Alsace Township in the said County of Berks.
Item. My will is That my Beloved Wife shall have out of my Personal Estate the sum of three hundred Pounds lawful money of Pennsylvania. And it is my will also that my said wife shall have privilege to live in and occupy the Messuage or Tenement which is on my Plantation in Alsace Township of, for and during the Term of her natural Life.
Item. My will is That my Daughter Anna Clara shall have and Receive out of my Personal Estate the Sum of Three hundred pounds lawful money of Pennsylvania.
Item. My will is That my Daughter Anna Margaret shall have and Receive the Sum of Three hundred pounds lawful money of Pennsylvania out of my Personal Estate.
Item. My will is that my Executors herein after named and appointed shall lay out the sum of six or seven hundred lawful money of Pennsylvania of my personal estate, To purchase a plantation and tract of land to and for the use of my younger son Jacob his heirs and offspring forever.
Lastly My Will is that my Beloved Wife Elizabeth and eldest son Henry be the Executors of this my Last Will and Testament.
Reading, Berks Co
Nov 2 1762
Dieter Beikelman
Victor Spiess


Research:

Look in - Montgomery, Morton L.. Historical and Biographical Annals of Berks County, Penns

Name: John Philip Smick
Year: 1748
Age: 30
Estimated Birth Year: abt 1718
Place: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Source Publication Code: 9041
Primary Immigrant: Smick, John Philip
Annotation: Contains 29,800 names, with annotations written by Krebs (see no. 4203). Various references to the names in Strassburger will be found in other listings, mostly where authors have attempted to line up their information with that in Strassburger. This work
Source Bibliography: STRASSBURGER, RALPH BEAVER. Pennsylvania German Pioneers: A Publication of the Original Lists of Arrivals in the Port of Philadelphia from 1727 to 1808. Edited by William John Hinke. Norristown [PA]: Pennsylvania German Society, 1934. 3 vols. Vols. 1 and 3 reprinted by Genealogical Publishing Co., Baltimore, 1964. Repr. 1983. Vol. 1. 1727-1775. 776p.
Page: 387

OR - a Hessian Soldier?


Name: Johannes Schmeck
Year: 1779
Place: North America
Source Publication Code: 3067.31
Primary Immigrant: Schmeck, Johannes
Annotation: Hessian Troops in the American War for Independence: An Index According to Surname. Date and place of entry in unit books. Year of birth, place of origin, rank, unit, category of presentation, and archive code of the source are also provided.
Source Bibliography: HESSISCHE TRUPPEN IM AMERIKANISCHEN UNABHAENGIGKEITSKRIEG (HETRINA): Index nach Familiennamen. (Marburg: Archivschule) (Veroeffentlichungen der Archivschule Marburg, Institut fuer Archivwissenschaft, Nr. 10). Band II. Marburg 1976; Auflage, 1987.
Page: 141

#3 Johannes Schmeck 1781 - 1867

Not Direct Line - Sorting out the Johannes Schmecks

John Schmeck
tombstone at Spies Zion Church Cemetery

John Schmeck
Born 1781
Died 1867
Son of Valentine Schmeck and Catherine Keim
Married

Susannah Heckman
Born: Feb. 10, 1784
Died: Jan. 3, 1874
Daughter of
John George Heckman & Maria Magdalena Hamm


Children:
Hannah b.1816  M. Gideon Breidegam



1850 Census
Name: John Schmeck
Age: 68
Birth Year: abt 1782
Home in 1850: Alsace, Berks, Pennsylvania
Gender: Male
Family Number: 144
Household Members:
Name Age
John Schmeck 68
Susann Schmeck 69
Hannah Breitigam 24
Caroline Breitigam 4
Daniel Breitigam 3
John Hefner 18


1860 Census
Name: John Schmeck
Age in 1860: 78
Birth Year: abt 1782
Birthplace: Pennsylvania
Home in 1860: Alsace, Berks, Pennsylvania
Gender: Male
Post Office: Reading
Value of real estate: View image
Household Members:
Name Age
John Schmeck 78
Susannah Schmeck 76

1870 Census

Name: Susan Schmeck
Age in 1870: 86
Birth Year: abt 1784
Birthplace: Pennsylvania
Home in 1870: Alsace, Berks, Pennsylvania
Race: White
Gender: Female
Post Office: Reading
Value of real estate: View image
Household Members:
Name Age
Susan Schmeck 86
Lena Hartman 53




Sorting Out The Johannes Schmecks

Sorting out the John's
1. Buried in Paradise Cemetery (see records & photos below)
1776-1829

Our direct line ancestor

married Elizabeth Sheefer
 Buried in Alsace Cemetery
 Birth:  Mar. 16, 1782, Berks County, PA
Death:  Feb. 16, 1867, Muhlenberg, Berks County , PA
"Son of Heinrich Schmeck and Anna Smidt. Husband of Maria Magdalena Leinbach m. 27 OCT 1801 at the Swartzwald Reformed Church in Berks Co, PA. " -NOT ACCURATE  
See Research Notes from the Descendants book, on the bottom of this post

Buried in Spies Zion Cemetery
1781-1867,  he is recorded as the son of Valentine & Catherine Schmeck

=======================================================
The below seems to be a mix of "our" Johannes" with another Johannes? (See #1 & #2  under Sorting out the John's at the top of this post.)  Ours married Maria Magdalena Leinbach, ours has a son born in 1803 named Daniel, but ours has different birth and death dates, and was buried in Northumberland County, not Berks.  Also note in the children below, if Benjamin & Johannes are accurate, they must have been twins?  But I only see one record in 1804 in the Zion Spies Church Records:

on page 29
Henry Schmeck has "a son" 5/15/1804  Sp. Jacob Schmeck & Wife Susanna
no record of Johannes having any children, in those records, in 1804?
The will of John Schmeck (#2 ) shows some of the children included below.  I'm pretty sure there are two Johannes Schmecks, and that the book below has the two of them combined, but I cannot prove there are two, yet.  Both appear to have been born around the same time, both married a Maria (or Mary?)


The Descendants of Johannes Schmeck by Michelle Fegley Wahreberger


"Johannes Schmeck (son of Henry Heinrich) was born on 16 March 1782. He was baptized on 16 March 1783 in Spies Zion Church, Alsace Twp Berks Co, Pa.  He died on 16 Feb 1867 in Muhlenberg Twp, Berks Co Pa.  he was buried in Alsace Cemetery, Hyde Park, Muhlenberg Twp, Berks Co Pa. He was a farmer.


Maria Magdalena UNKNOWN was born in 1784 in Pa.  She died on 4 Jul 1851 in Muhlenberg Twp, Berks Co, Pa.  Johannes Schmeck and Maria Magdalena UNKNOWN had the following children:


Daniel Schmeck was born on 13 May 1803.  He was baptized on 10 Aug 1804 in Schwatzwald Reformed Church, Exeter Twp, Berks Co Pa.  He died before 1867


Benjamin Schmeck born in Aug 1804


Johannes Schmeck born 28 Aug1804 in Berks Co, Pa.  He died in 1845.  he was buried in Alsace Cemetery, Hyde Park, Muhlenberg Twp, Pa.  he was baptized in Spied Zion Union Church, Alsace Twp, Berks Co Pa


Maria Schmeck born on 29 Jul 1807; married George FUCHS on 9 Jan 1839, First United Church Of Christ, Reading, Berks Co PA


Catherine Schmeck born about 1808 married Adam Potteiger on 27 Sept 1829, First United Church Of Christ, Reading Berks Co Pa


Elizabeth Schmeck born on 6 Oct 1810, Reading Berks Co Pa, married John Fisher


Adam Schmeck born on 9 Jul 1813, Reading Berks Co Pa, married Hannah Wanner on 27 Oct 1833, First United Church Of Christ, Reading, Berks Co PA married Leah King about 1851, OH; died on 1 May 188, Fairfield Co OH.

===========================================

NOT our John in Berks in 1820.  Ages for our Johannes's family in 1820 would be:
John 44
Maria 39
Daniel 17
John Schmeck 16
Mary Schmeck 13



1820 United States Federal Census about John Schmeck
Name: John Schmeck
Home in 1820 (City, County, State): Alsace, Berks, Pennsylvania
Enumeration Date: August 7, 1820
Free White Persons - Males - Under 10: 3
Free White Persons - Males - 26 thru 44: 1
Free White Persons - Females - Under 10: 2
Free White Persons - Females - 10 thru 15: 1
Free White Persons - Females - 16 thru 25: 1
Free White Persons - Females - 26 thru 44: 1
Number of Persons - Engaged in Agriculture: 1
Free White Persons - Under 16: 6
Free White Persons - Over 25: 2
Total Free White Persons: 9
Total All Persons - White, Slaves, Colored, Other: 9

Ages also do not fit for this census in 1820
1820 United States Federal Census about John Schmeck
Name: John Schmeck
Home in 1820 (City, County, State): Alsace, Berks, Pennsylvania
Enumeration Date: August 7, 1820
Free White Persons - Males - Under 10: 1
Free White Persons - Males - 10 thru 15: 1
Free White Persons - Males - 16 thru 18: 1
Free White Persons - Males - 26 thru 44: 1
Free White Persons - Females - Under 10: 1
Free White Persons - Females - 10 thru 15: 1
Free White Persons - Females - 16 thru 25: 1
Number of Persons - Engaged in Agriculture: 2
Free White Persons - Under 16: 4
Free White Persons - Over 25: 1
Total Free White Persons: 6
Total All Persons - White, Slaves, Colored, Other: 6


Thursday, April 13, 2017

Mary Ann Schreffler 1853-

This is an attempt to solve who the "aunt" is in the 1900 census, with Mary Etta (Oberdorf) Huddleson.  Mary Etta's mother was Sarah Schreffler, wife of John Christian Oberdorf, and Heather's 3rd great grandmother.  If Mary Ann & Sarah were sisters, there is a 23 year age difference - so I'm not completely convinced just yet.  Not that it matters, since I can find little information on either woman!

Mary Ann Schreffler
Daughter of 
Born May 1853
Died




1870 - 
There's a Mary A. Shcreffler in the 1870 census, daughter of Frederick & Catharine Schreffler, in Northumberland County PA.  She was born in January of 1852 and married a Byerly, so this is NOT a match.


1900 - 
Name: Mary A Schreffler
Age: 47
Birth Date: May 1853
Birthplace: Pennsylvania
Home in 1900: Mifflinburg, Union, Pennsylvania
Race: White
Gender: Female
Relation to Head of House: Aunt
Marital Status: Single
Father's Birthplace: Pennsylvania
Mother's Birthplace: Pennsylvania
Occupation: View on Image
Neighbors: View others on page
Household Members:
Name Age
Abraham Huddleston 58
Mary E Huddleston 45
Ethel M Huddleston 16
Cappie L Huddleston 14
Gertie G Huddleston 11
Sara A Huddleston 8
Mary A Schreffler 47


Abraham Huddleston married Mary Ettah Oberdorf, daughter of

Birth: 1844
Death: Dec. 8, 1924

Confederate soldier flag and flag holder on his grave site , he had a Union flag holder for a number of years, but we've corrected that. His confederate flag is stolen repeatedly and replaced each time. 
Mifflinburg Telegraph, December 11, 1924
ABRAHAM HUDDLESTON
Abraham Huddleston, one of the few remaining members of the GAR in Mifflinburg, passed away at his home on Market Street at 1:00 AM Monday, December 8 1924, after an illness of two months. He was born in Vernon County, Missouri.
He is survived by three daughters and one son, Mrs. Ethel Koons, Mrs. Gertrude Auman, of Mifflinburg, Mrs. Sarah Durr, Harrisburg, and C.L. Huddleston, Mifflinburg.
Military funeral services were in charge of the Thomas H. Clapham Post, 410, American Legion; Rev. Dubbs, of the Evangelical church, officiating were held from his late reisdence at 2:30 PM Wednesday, December 10th.
Burial, L.W. Strunk and Sons in charge, being made in the Fairview Cemetery. (Location area is actually the Stuck section of Mifflinburg cemetery) 

1910 - 
Mary is no longer found with the Huddlestons.

Tuesday, March 28, 2017

William Salter 1812-1863

I suspect these Salters are connected to Susan Salter who married Ishi McLoughan.  They were all living in Rush Twp at the same time.  But I have not yet connected the families.  Is Susan the sister of William Salter?  

William Salter
Son of
Born abt 1812 in England
Died before 1863
Married
Mary Ann Shipp
Daughter of
Born abt 1817
Died

Children:
Michael Salter 1835-1912
Mary C Salter  1837-1911 m. George Kough
Henry Salter
Theodore Salter
Cyrus B Salter 1847-1915 M. Leanana Adams
William  Salter 
Thomas Salter 1852-1923 M. Barbara Young
James M Salter 1858-1896 m. Emma Edwards
Anna Salter
(We know from the land grant trial in 1883 that William had 10 children living in 1863)

1812 - William Salter is Born In England
NO SOURCE - other researchers have him listed as William Michael Salter, son of John Salter
1767–1840 & Sarah Ann Howe 1775–1827

Abt 1817 - Mary Ann Shipp was born
According to census records, and childrens death certificates, she was born in PA.

UNSOURCED - thought to be the daughter of Michael  and Catherine Ship.  Michael Shipp 1794-1884, Catherine 1795-1880.

We do know that Mary Ann had a brother Henry, he is named repeatedly in the trial in 1883

1833 - Or Before - Immigrated to America
If he was born in England, he had to immigrate here.  His wife was born in PA, their first documented child was born in 1835.  Every census and every childs death certificate states that he was born in England.

1834 or Before - Married Mary Ann Shipp
Mary Ann was born in Pa, so we assume he did not marry her until after he was in PA. The 1834 date for their marriage is pure conjecture based on Michael being born in 1835.

1835 - Son Michael Salter was born

1837 -  Daughter Mary C. Salter was born
April 5 1837


1847 - Son Cyrus B. Salter Was Born
Photo from the files of Dorothy G. Salter
Name Cyrus B Salter
Gender Male
Race White
Age 68
Birth Date 16 Mar 1847
Birth Place Pennsylvania
Death Date 26 Oct 1915
Death Place Coal, Northumberland, Pennsylvania, USA
Father Wm Salter
Mother Mary Shipp
Certificate Number 98508
Cyrus B Salter - 1915 - False
Household Members
Name Age
Cyrus B Salter
Mary Shipp

Wm Salter

1852 - Son Thomas Salter was born
Name: Thomas Salter Sr
Gender: Male
Race: White
Age: 71
Birth Date: 18 May 1852
Birth Place: Pennsylvania
Death Date: 2 Dec 1923
Death Place: Coal, Northumberland, Pennsylvania, USA
Father: Wm J Salter
Mother: Mary Shigg

Certificate Number: 126659


1860 - Residence
Name William Salter
Age 48
Birth Year abt 1812
Gender Male
Birth Place England
Home in 1860 Coal, Northumberland, Pennsylvania
Post Office Shamokin
Family Number 943
Household Members
Name Age
William Salter 48
Mary Ann Salter 43
Henry Salter 18
Theodore Salter 16
Cyrus B Salter 12
William V Salter 10
Thomas Salter 8
James M Salter 5

Anna Salter 3


1883 - Trial Over Land Grant












On the trial before Rockefeller PJ the court ruled out all the plaintiffs offers of parol evidence and directed a verdict for defendants The plaintiff put in evidence the following deeds all for the premises in question and all duly acknowledged and recorded viz 1857 April 1st CP Helfenstein et al to William Salter Consideration $500 1863 August 14th William Salter and Mary Ann his wife to Henry Shipp Consideration $500 1861 April 2Sth Henry Shipp aud Margaret his wife to Maiy A Salter Consideration $500 I860 March 2d Mary A Owen formerly Mary A Salter and William Owen her husband to William Morris Consideration $400 

1869 March 2d William Morris and wife to William Owen 
The plaintiffs offers of testimony with the objections thereto and the rulings of the court thereon were as follows First Harry Shipp sworn and upon the witness stand The plaintiffs counsel propose to prove by this witness that he was the grantee in the deed from William Salter and wife dated the 14th day of August 1863 That prior to the execution and delivery of said deed William Salter who was then in ill health requested him to accept the deed from him and his wife in trust and to be held by him in trust for his ten children until his children paid a certain balance of purchase money and another small debt when he desired him to convey it to them that he accepted this trust and promised to hold the same in trust for his children and did so hold until the 28th day of April 1864 when he executed and delivered to Mary A Salter then the widow of William Salter deceased a deed for the same lots in trust for the children of William Salter

 for whom he was to hold that the deed from him to Mary A Salter was accepted by her as trustee for the children and was by her to be held for them as their trustee that the debts mentioned by William Salter were paid before he made the deed to Mary A Salter by the children of William Salter This to be followed by proof that the sons of William Salter paid the indebtedness that William Salter had that they furnished a large sum of money to improve the property and erect buildings thereon and that two of them the present plaintiffs in this case furnished each the sum of five hundred dollars which went into the improving of this property that subsequently in the latter part of 1868 Mary A Salter the widow of William Salter married William Owen that she communicated to William Owen that she held this property to wit lots one two and three in block 197 in trust for the children of her former husband that afterward William Owen her husband procured secretly two deeds to be written one from William Owen and Mary A Owen his wife to one William A Morris having named therein fraudulently four hundred dollars as a consideration and another from William A Morris and wife back to William Owen This is to be followed by proof further that no purchase money was paid by William A Morris to William Owen and wife neither did William Owen pay any money whatever to William A Morris as consideration for the conveyance to him To be further followed by evidence showing that William Owen admitted that he had done wrong in procuring this deed to be made depriving or attempting to deprive 
William Salter's children of the property that when he was charged with having forced his wife the former widow of William Salter to sign the deed from him and her to William A Morris ho admitted that the deed from him William Owen and Mary A Owen formerly Salter was signed by her under coercion and compulsion that this fact was known to William A Morris and that this trust in favor of the children of William Salter was also known to William A Morris that Mary A Salter the widow of William Salter recognized this trust and accepted the deed as trustee for the children of William Salter and was anxious to carry the trust out in good faith and did carry the same out until compelled to execute a deed to William A Morris that she protested against signing the deed because she held as trustee and that the property was the property of her children and not her own This for the purpose of showing title in this plaintiff The counsel for the defendant object 1 Because the evidence is in contradiction of the deeds which are already in evidence 2 That a trust must be evidenced in writing and cannot be established by parol proof alone 3 That the witnesses to wit Mary Salter and any of the parties upon the record in this case are not competent witnesses to establish the facts or any of them alleged in the offer 4 That William Owen and William Salter being dead the evidence is irrelevant and incompetent to affect the interest of cither of them 5 That the offer shows that the conveyance from William Salter to Henry Shipp was for the purpose of hindering and defrauding creditors and that neither William Salter nor his children can take advantage of any alleged fraud to affect the deed under which the title is vested in William Owen 6 That Henry Shipp being the grantee in the deed from William Salter and the grantor to Mary Ann Salter is not a competent witness to affect the deed and Mary A Salter being the wife of William Salter afterwards the wife of William Owen is not a competent witness to affect any interest of her husband under the conveyance already in evidence 7 The alleged trust is barred by the statue as it was created if at all in the year 1863 8 That the plaintiffs propose to show by their own offer that the alleged trust from William Salter to Henry Shipp was simply for the purpose of hindering delaying and defrauding creditors and that as between William Salter and Henry Shipp that deed passed the title and those claiming under Henry Shipp can hold it against William Salter or his children 9 Because Mary A Owen being the grantor in the deed to 
William Salter cannot be called a3 a witness for the purpose of defeating her own conveyance 10 We further object that the offer is complicated and embraces matter which cannot be ruled in reference to the relevancy of the testimony to the competency of the witness upon the stand 11 Because it appears from the deed from Henry Shipp and wife to Mary A Salter that it is a conveyance of general warranty The plaintiffs add to their former offer the following First That at the death of William Salter he left to survive him ten children seven of whom were minors and plaintiffs in this case that they continued in possession of the premises during their minority up to and after the marriage with Owen and the execution of the deed from Morris to him and those who became of age made it their home and up to the time of the bringing of this suit that the last minor child one of the plaintiffs in this case only arrived at the age of twenty one years on the fourth of July 1881 that five of the plaintiffs were minors at the time of the execution of the alleged deed from Morris to Owen and that four of the plaintiffs were minors at the time of the institution of this suit The counsel for the defendants renew their objections to offer as amended for all the reasons as before stated Fer Ccriam It cannot be disputed that if a deed of land be made to A and B upon a parol trust that they will hold for the benefit of the grantor or a third person such parol trust cannot be enforced against the land in consequence of the 4th section of the Act of 22d April 1856 Pamphlet L 533 Marat's Administrators v Rynd 19 PF Smith 386 But if the purchase money is paid by the cestui que trust and he is in possession it is a trust by parol the title in the trustee and the cestui que trust in possession The limitation under which a parol trust cau be enforced does not apply when the cestui que trust is in possession Smith v Tome 18 PF Smith 158 The offer perhaps tends to show payment by the cestui que trust of something that was required of them to be paid at the time of the execution of the deed by their father William Salter to Henry Siiipp If such payment can be treated as payment of consideration money then a resulting trust would be established and if the cestuis que trust were in possession as offered to be proved the limitation in the Act of 1856 does not apply I have concluded to receive the evidence and decide upon the effect hereafter Before the Act of 1869 the witness Henry Shipp would not have been competent to testify he having given a deed with covenant of general warranty See the case of Goodman v Losey 3 W & S 526 That Act expressly 

declares that no interest or policy of law suail exclnde a party or person from being a witness in any civil proceeding except that the Act amongst other things is not to apply when the assignor of the thing or contract inaction may be dead Now William Salter the witness's grantor is dead and I am of opinion that he the witness cannot testify to matters in relation to the deed or transaction that occurred during the lifetime of the deceased Sec Arthurs v King et al 3 Norris 525 So far as it is proposed to prove by this witness what occurred during the lifetime of William Salter in relation to the deed from said Salter to him is rejected Exception Second The plaintiffs having shown that Henry Shipp and wife executed a deed dated the 28th day of April 1864 to Mary A Salter now propose to prove by Henry Shipp the grantor that he conveyed the said property to Mary A Salter as trustee for the children of William Salter deceased that she accepted the said deed in trust for the children and promised to carry out the said trust with respect to the lots therein conveyed to wit 1 2 and 3 in block 197 in tho borough of Shamokin the said children of Mary A Salter and plaintiffs to this suit having paid certain liens against said property This to be followed by evidence showing that at the time this deed was executed and delivered to Mary A Salter there were living ten children of William Salter seven of whom were minors and were residing upon the property that these children who were at home and of age were also residing there that in October 1868 the said Mary A Salter married William this property conveyed by the above deed in trust for tho children of William Salter her former husband That afterwards William Owen her husband procured secretly and without her knowledge two deeds to be written one from William Owen and Mary A Owen his wife to one William Morris having fraudulently named therein four hundred dollars as the consideration and another from William Morris and wife to William Owen having fraudulently written therein the consideration of six hundred dollars that no purchase money was paid by William Morris to William Owen and wife that William Owen paid no money whatever to William Morris as a consideration for the conveyance back to him To be further followed by evidence showing that William Owen admitted that he had done wrong in procuring this deed to bo made depriving or attempting to deprive William Salter's children of the property that when he was charged with having forced his wife the former widow of William Salter to sign the deed from him and her to William Morris ho admitted that the deed from him William Owen and Mary A Owen Owen that she communicated formerly Salter was signed by her under coercion and compulsion that the trust in favor of the children of William Salter was known to William Morris at the time that Mary A Salter widow of William Salter recognized this trust and accepted the deed as trustee of the children of William Salter and was anxious to carry the trust out in good faith and did carry the same out until compelled to execute a deed to William Morris that she protested against signing the deed because she held the lots as trustee and because the property was the property of her children and not her own We propose further to show that at the time of the execution of the deed from Henry Shipp to Mary A Salter there were surviving ten children of William Salter her former husband seven of whom were minors and plaintiffs in this case that they continued in possession of the premises during their minority up to and after the marriage with Owen and the execution of the deed in favor of Morris to him that those who became of age and were unmarried made it their home up to the time of the bringing of this suit that one of the said minors only arrived at the age of twenty one years on the fourth day of July 1881 that five of the plaintiffs were minors at the time of the execution of the alleged deed from Morris to Owen and that four of the plaintiffs were minors at the time of the institution of this suit and that Mary A Salter the trustee was in possession at the time of the execution of said deed and remained in the possession of these premises from the time of the execution of the deed up to the time of the death of Owen and subsequently to the bringing of this suit We propose further to show that in pursuance of this trust the children of William Salter paid off certain debts and liens against the property that one of them advanced five hundred dollars money received by him while a soldier in the army and another a similar sum and appropriated it to the improvement of the property and that they afterwards applied their earnings in a similar manner The counsel for the plaintiffs propose further to show that saiJ Henry Shipp was a brother of Mary A Salter and uncle to the plaintiffs in this case This oifered for the purpose of showing titlo in these plaintiffs and their right to recover in this suit The counsel for the defendants object for all of the reasons stated in their former objection and because it is not offered to be shown that any possession was taken as held under the alleged trust By the Oonrt The only gronnd upon which the evidence offered could possibly be admissible since the Act of April 26th 1856 is that it may tend to show that Mary A Salter became a trustee ex maleficio by accepting the deed in trust for the children of William Salter deceased and promised to carry said trust with respect to the property in suit Perhaps if and hold the title for the children but afterwards conveyed property to a third party the case would come within the m the case of Church and wife v Rnland and wife 14 PF Smith 432 but I very mgch doubt it If it is so then it appears to me that in every instance where an absolute deed land is made to one upon a parol trust that he will hold the use of thegrantor or his children or a third party the must be enforced against the land notwithstanding the Act 1S56 In tike case of Muftit's Administrator v Rynd 19 1 F Smith 386 and Barnet v Daugherty 8 Casey 371 it was held that such a trust is not enforceable I am of opinion that the mere proof that there was a parol trust at the time of the execution of the deed there being no purchase money paid and no fraud in obtaining the title the grantee only agreeing to hold the land for the benefit of another cannot be proved by parol Such a trust must be manifested in writing The objections arc sustained and the evidence rejected Exception 

Third Mary A Owen on the stand but not sworn The plaintiffs counsel propose to prove by this witness that she was the widow of William Salter and the mother of the ten children left to survive him in 1863 plaintiffs in this case that a few days before the death of her husband William Salter a deed was made by William Salter and herself to wit on the 14th clay of August 1863 to Henry Shipp that her husband William Salter and herself executed this deed to Henry Shipp in trust for the said children of Mary Salter and upon the express promise of Henry Shipp that he would accept the deed in trust for the children and that he would convey it to them upon the payment by them of certain liens and small debts against the real estate named by him that Henry Shipp accepted the trust and promised to carry the trust out The said Salter relying upon this promise and reposing confidence in the said Henry Shipp his brother in law he executed and delivered the said deed that afterwards the said debts and liens were paid by the plaintiffs the children of William Salter for whom the property was held in trust and that Henry Shipp the grantee in said deed on the 2Sth day of April 1864 with his wife executed and delivered to her the deed for the same property being the lots in question one two and three in block 197 in Shamokin borough in trust for said children and upon her promise that she would hold the same as their trustee for their benefit and that she promised to ac ssly promised to take the cept the said trust as their trustee and hold it for them in trust and that upon this promise the said deed was delivered to her that in pursuance of this trust and under this deed she and a portion of her children have been in possession of said premises from that day until suit was brought that at the time of the death of William Salter and making of the said deed to Henry Shipp and the reconveyance to her in trust for the said children seven of the said children were minors and that the last one of the said children arrived at the age of twenty one years on the 4th of July 1881 That in addition to the payment of the debts and the liens spoken of two of the said children contributed the sum of one thousand dollars out of the pay for their service as soldiers in the army and transmitted their pay ako as soldiers which was used in enlarging and improving the buildings and upon these lots of ground that their earnings subsequently were appropriated in the same manner that these payments were made and improvements erected by the said children prior to her marriage with William Owen on the 31st day of October 1868 This is for the purpose of showing the right of the plaintiffs in this suit to recover in this action The defendants counsel object for all the reasons before statcd and because the witness is incompetent to testify to any matter arising between her and her husband William Salter deceased or William Owen deceased her husband and because she is incompetent to affect the title under the deeds already in evidence We further object because the offer is in substance the same as that which the court has already overruled Per Curiam The court has already ruled see offer No 1 that plaintiffs can prove the matter set forth in this offer in order to establish a resulting trust at the time of the execution of the deed from William Salter to Henry Shipp although I now doubt the correctness of such ruling as the evidence offered could scarcely be said to show the payment of consideration money at the time of the execution of the deed but we are of opinion that the witness is incompetent to testify to the matters offered to be proved The objections are sustained exception Fourth William Heaton on the stand In connection with offer No 2 the plaintiffs propose to prove by this and other witnesses that William Morris to whom William Owen and wife made a deed on the 2d day of March 1869 admitted that he paid no money or other valuable thing as consideration for the said deed to him and that no money was needed and that Mary A Owen the wife of William Owen at that time was compelled to sign the deed and execute it through compulsion of her husband Also that William Owen grantee in the deed from William Morris and wife dated the 2d day of March 1869 when charged in the presence of witnesses with having compelled his wife to sign the deed to William Morris admitted that he had done so and that it was wrong and when his wife at this time charged him with having compelled her to sign the deed stated that he knew he did and at the time he thought it was right that she had done nothing wrong that he did it all that he was sorry for it and hoped the plaintiffs would forgive him and that he would see the children made all right and the lots conveyed back to him This for the purpose of showing that the defendants are trustees ex maleficio and that William Owen their father from whom they derived their interest if they have any was fully cognizant that the property was the property of the plaintiffs held in trust for them by Mary A Salter and also to show the plaintiffs right to recover The defendants counsel object for all the reasons heretofore stated in offers Nos 1 2 and 3 And also because a The court has already decided that a trust cannot be created by parol without violating the provision of the Act of Assembly of 1856 b Because the court has already ruled that evidence of a similar character to that contained in this offer would not create a trust ex maleficio that the trust if any created would be in violation of the provisions of the Act of Assembly of ISofl c That it is not proposed to prove by this offer that the defendants in this case who are the children of William Owen were present at or assented to or had any knowledge of any transaction between William Owen and William Morris or either of them that they cannot be affected by any acts or declarations of William Owen or William Morris made in their absence and that no such conversation can make them trustees ex maleficio of the land in dispute d Because it is not competent to establish a trust by mere declarations of the vendee in a deed absolute upon its face e Because the declarations of William Owen proposed to be proven would not make him a trustee ex maleficio and such declarations would not be competent evidence to establish a trust By the Court The objections are sustained the evidence rejected and the plaintiffs except The court charged the jury as follows Inasmuch as there is no evidence before the court and jury tending to show title to the property in question in the plaintiffs in this case we direct you to find a verdict in favor of the defendants Verdict accordingly for the defendants and judgment thereon The plaintiffs took this writ of error assigning for error the rejection of their several offers of evidence as above SP Wolverton and Samuel Linn for the plaintiffs in error The witness Henry Shipp though the grantor in the general warranty deed of April 28th 1884 to Mary A Salter was called to testify against his interest and he was therefore competent he would have been competent before the Act of 1869 If we had been permitted to prove our offer which must here be accepted as proved that Mary A Salter accepted the deed from Shipp under theexpress promise that she would hold the title in trust for the plaintiffs and would convey to them and she refused or neglected to fulfill the promise on the faith of which it was executed we contend that a court of equity would enforce the trust and compel a conveyance in accordance with its terms Does the fact that William Owen her subsequent husband coerced her into the execution of a deed to him in violation of the trust and with the full knowledge of its provisions place him or his children in any better position than she was She Owen and his children the defendants would be trustees ex maleficio and not protected by the statute of frauds and perjuries and ejectment is the proper remedy to enforce such a trust Church v Roland 14 PFS 432 Jones v McKee 3 Barr 4y6 s c 6 Barr425 Uogc v Hoge 1 Watts 163 Seichrist's Appeal 16 PFS 237 Morey v Herrick 6 Har 128 Millers Pearce 6 W & S 97 Beegle v Wentz 5 PFS 374 Lingenfelter v Ritchey 8 PFS 488 Perry on Trusts 181 217 226 Christy v Sill 14 Norris 386 The limitation in the Act of 1856 does not apply because the plaintiffs were minors at the time of their father's death and had no guardian Five were minors at the date of the deed to Owen and four were minors when this suit was begun their possession of the premises preceded the trust relation and the limitation did not begin to run Clark v Trin dle 2 PFS 492 Smith v Tome 18 PFS 158 Webster v Webster 3 PFS 161 Williard v Williard 6 PFS 119 IV II Armstrong with him TV HM Oram and Henry C Parsons for the defendants in error The parol evidence offered was not admissible to establish the alleged trust which was not within the class of trusts ex maleficio Act of April 22d 1856 Barnet v Dougherty 8 Cas 371 frequently affirm ed Thome McFarlane & Co v Warfflein 4 Out 519 Henry Shipp and Mary Salter were incompetent witnesses Goodman v Losev 3 W & S 526 Grouse v Staley 3 WNC 83 Murray v N Y &c RR Go 13 WNC 213 Mr Justice Gordon delivered the opinion of the court October 1st 1883 When an action of ejectment is brought two things are necessarily presupposed one is that the plaintiff is not in the possession of the land described in the writ and the other is that the defendant is in the possession of the land so described The action is in its character possessory it cannot be maintained by one having the possession of the property neither can it be maintained against one who has not possession Moreover the cardinal principle governing actions of this kind is that the plaintiff must recover if at all on the strength of his own title and not upon the weakness of that of his adversary The defendant has in the first instance nothing whatever to do upon his possession he may securely rest until the plaintiff shows a better right and until such right has been shown he cannot be disturbed From this it follows that as to the status of the parties to this suit at the time of the issuing of the writ there can be no debate the defendants were in the possession of the property and the plaintiffs were not and to have successfully proposed any thing else would simply have been to put the plaintiffs out of court Such being the case the rule applies that until the plaintiffs show a better right to that possession than that of the defendants the latter cannot be disturbed in the occupancy of the controverted premises It would however not be a fair presentation of this case to say that the defendants rest solely on their possession for they have shown a regular prima facie title from William and Mary Ann Salter the common grantors through William Owen to themselves The question then remains have the plaintiffs shown title in themselves i And for the purposes of this case it must be conceded that they could have proved what they offered to prove Now the material part of the plaintiffs offers amounts to this that William Salter on the 14th of August 1863 voluntarily executed a deed for the premises in controversy to Henry Shipp who agreed orally to hold the same in trust for Salter a ten children until they paid a certain balance of purchase money and another small debt that he did so hold it until said indebtedness was paid by Salter's sons and then upon the 28th of April 1864 deeded it to Mary A then widow of William Salter under a verbal agreement or understanding that she would hold it in trust for the aforesaid children We may here stop for by passing over the proof proposed for the purpose of impeaching her deed to her second husband William Owen we not avoid a question involving the admissibility of her testimony but by an admission of title in their alleged trustee put case on the best possible grounds for the plaintiffs But when all this is admitted we have in Mrs Salter Owen but a parol trust which by force of the 4th section of the of the 22d of April 1856 was void from its inception declarations or creations of trusts or confidences reads statute of any lands tenements or hereditaments and all grants and assignments thereof shall be manifested by writing signed by the party holding the title thereof or by his last will in writing or else be void This language is all embracing and so clear and positive that the legislative intent cannot be mistaken Unless therefore this case can be brought within that provision of the statute which excepts trusts resulting from legal implication or construction commonly called resulting trusts the plaintiffs have no title But in order to accomplish this result it must be shown that Mrs Salter obtained the deed to the property in dispute by some kind of fraud or artifice which induced its execution But nothing of the kind has been proposed All that is alleged is that she agreed to hold it in trust for her children Bnt we cannot see how it would bo possible to create a parol trust under any other conditions If such a trust is not within the statute then there can be none that comes within it For if a deed like the one before us absolute on its face be made to one who receives it and docs not agree to hold it in trust there is and can be no trust for the statute to operate upon the transaction begins and ends in an unqualified conveyance Bound therefore as we must bo by the spirit and letter of the statute we can but repeat what was held as law in the case of Barnet v Dougherty 8 Ca 372 that a resulting trust can only arise from some fraudulent act by or through which the title had been obtained or by the payment of the money of the alleged use party for the purchase of the property at the time when the conveyance is made and that neither subsequent fraud nor subsequent payment will avail to raise such a trust Nor is this case at all like that of Church v Ruland 14 PFS 432 where the devise was made through the active solicitation and persuasion of the devisee and under the solemn promise that at her death one half of it should go to her sister's children Mrs Salter took no active part in the creation of this trust It is not pretended that she by either solicitations or promises induced the execution of the deed from her husband to Shipp or from Shipp to herself Therefore though the above case goes far towards the destruction of a most valuable statute especially designed for the quieting of titles to real estate yet it does not go far enough to cover this case But it is urged that she is willing to execute this trust if so it follows that neither in act nor even in intent has she heen guilty of a fraud prior or subsequent to the execution of the deed from Shipp to herself How then can she be said to be a trustee ex maleficio And what is there to prevent the operation of the statute And if the title to the premises in question and the right of possession are in Mrs Salter how cau the plaintiffs who have neither maintain ejectment Nor can we understand why they have undertaken such an experiment as this when according to their own showing they might have had her title for the asking A title which if the proposed proof be taken as true never passed out of her If the deed of March 2d 1869 executed by herself and husband to William Morris was without consideration and designed as it appears to have been simply as a means employed to pass her title to her husband and if in addition it can be made to appear that she did not voluntarily execute and deliver that instrument then as between herself and the heirs of her late husband the transaction was a fraud on her rights and was wholly inoperative and nugatory Clothed with her title the plaintiffs would have had a good standing to maintain their action and if they could have established the above stated proposition by the necessary facts they would no doubt have gotten a verdict for the premises in dispute Standing however as they now do without title they cannot of right complain of the rulings of the court below The judgment is affirmed TnuNKEy and Sterrett JJ dissented