Genealogy has become a hobby for me over the last 10 years. For me, it's like a puzzle, I love fitting the pieces together. But over the years, I've researched a lot that does not pertain to our family lines. Some for extended family, some for close friends, and some because I was trying to rule out lines to figure out where our line went exactly. I do not want these notes on my Heather's Genealogy Notes blog - because they are not our lines. But I do like to share all of my research, in case it benefits others. That is what this blog is for - research I have done that does not apply to our own family lines, but may be helpful for someone else.

Saturday, February 7, 2015

Israel Lewis 1717-1770

4th great grandfather of my stepfather

Israel Lewis
Son of David Lewis, a preacher from Wales
Born 1717
Died March 05, 1770
Married
Jane Drew
Daughter of William & Christian Drew
Born 1725
Died April 19, 1804

Children:
Israel Lewis 1748 – 1820
David Lewis 1750 – 1835
Jane Lewis 1751 – 1841
Leyson Lewis 1755 – 1821
George Lewis 1756 – 1830 m. Drusilla Howlett
Robert Lewis 1760 – 1827
James Lewis 1762 – 
Mary Lewis 1765 – 
Time Line:

1717 - Israel Born
REVEREND ISRAEL LEWIS was born about 1717, and died March 05, 1770. He was the son of DAVID LEWIS, a preacher from Wales. ISRAEL LEWIS married JANE DREW May 13, 1745 in St. Luke, Old Street, Finsbury, London. She was born 1725, and died April 19, 1804. - Gillian Rickard

The closest record I could find is this one - it is possible that Israel's middle name is David, but I have no way of knowing - 
David Lewis
10 Mar 1717 10 Mar 1717 Saint Benet Pauls Wharf,London,London,England Parents - David, Ann

1725 - Jane is baptized
Name: Jane Drew
Gender: Female
Baptism Date: 2 Nov 1725
Baptism Place: Wendron,Cornwall,England
Father: William Drew
Mother: Cristian

FHL Film Number: 90273

1745 - Marriage
Name Israel Lewis
Spouse Jane Drew
Marriage 13 May 1745 - St Luke, Finsbury, Middlesex, England

Name: Israel Lewis
Marriage Date: 13 May 1745
Parish: St Luke, Finsbury
County: Middlesex
Borough: Islington
Spouse: Jane Drew
Record Type: Marriage

Register Type: Parish Register


1748 - Freedom
Freedom: 1748, Maidstone Freemen Index 1734-1787, Purchase Index

 By purchase: the index includes the surname, forename and occupation of the purchaser and the year freedom was granted. Usually this cost £15. Freedom by purchase ended in 1771.

Scroll down to Research to see more about the Maidstone Freeman Index.

1770 Death

England & Wales, Prerogative Court of Canterbury Wills, 1384-1858
Name: Israel Lewis
Probate Date: 19 Jun 1770

Residence: Maidstone, Kent, England





Burial - 
Name: Israel Reverend Lewis
Gender: Male
Burial Date: 10 Mar 1770
Burial Place: All Saints, Maidstone, Kent, England
FHL Film Number: 1736877
Reference ID: Item 1

Name: Jane Lewis
Gender: Female
Burial Date: 27 Apr 1804
Burial Place: Maidstone
FHL Film Number: 1736877
Reference ID: BK1/DCB/BT1/152/992



Research:

About the  Maidstone Freemen Index 1598 - 1842 -
An index of persons granted freedom of the Borough of Maidstone, Kent.

Freemen had certain advantages in the town. They had the right to vote for the town's two Members of Parliament. The 1832 Reform Act gave the vote to all men who occupied property in the town worth £10. Freemen retained their votes for life provided they lived within 7 miles of the town. In 1835 the Municipal Corporations Act reduced the size of the corporation (council) and these were to be elected by all male ratepayers. Source: "The History of Maidstone" by Peter Clark and Lyn Murfin.
Persons usually gained their freedom in one of three ways: apprenticeship to a freeman, because their father was a freeman, or by purchasing their own freedom. Some of the entries come from calendars only and further information is not available. There were no freedoms given between 1742 and 1747 because of the loss of the towns charter of incorporation and borough status due to political disputes.

1. By apprenticeship: the index includes the surname and forename of the apprentice, the year freedom was granted, the surname, forename and occupation of their master who was himself a freeman. Usually, the name of the father of the apprentice can be obtained from the Apprenticeship Enrollment books (Md/Ra1/1-3) which cover 1692-1812. In addition the information listed in the full index is repeated a separate masters index. This is useful for identifying all the apprentices of a particular master except his own sons.

2. By patrimony: the index includes the surname and forename of the son, the year freedom was granted, the name and occupation of their father who was himself a freeman. If it is stated in the record that someone was apprenticed to their father, this is stated in this full index. They are not included in the masters index.

3. By purchase: the index includes the surname, forename and occupation of the purchaser and the year freedom was granted. Usually this cost £15. Freedom by purchase ended in 1771.


4. Not available: Some persons were listed in the indexes to the freedom lists but further information was not recorded. The index gives surname, forename and the year freedom was granted. There are separate books of Apprenticeship Enrollment (Md/Ra/1-3) which would give further information on any who were apprenticed from 1692. All entries prior to 1694 are of this type.

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Surname           Forename          Year    Type         Surname of Master/Fath   Forename M/F      Occupation

Lewis             Daniell           1711    Purchase                                          Threadtwister
Lewis             David             1780    Patrimony       Lewis                 Israel            Clerk
Lewis             Israel            1748    Purchase
Lewis             Israel            1773    Patrimony       Lewis                 Israel            Clerk dead
Lewis             James             1712    NA
Lewis             Leyson            1781    Patrimony       Lewis                 Israel            Clerk dead
Lewis             Robert            1793    Patrimony       Lewis                 Israel            Gent. dead
Lewis             Thomas            1674    NA
Lewis             William           1644    NA

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ Also, we have the initial history of the Descendants of Israel Lewis, the father of George Lewis, prepared by Gillian Rickard:

Descendants of Israel Lewis

Generation No. 1

  1. REVEREND ISRAEL LEWIS was born about 1717, and died March 05, 1770. He was the son of DAVID LEWIS, a preacher from Wales. ISRAEL LEWIS married JANE DREW May 13, 1745 in St. Luke, Old Street, Finsbury, London. She was born 1725, and died April 19, 1804.
  Burial: March 10, 1770, All Saints, Maidstone
  Freedom: 1748, Maidstone Freemen Index 1734-1787, Purchase Index


More About JANE DREW: 
Burial: April 27, 1804, All Saints, Maidstone

Children of ISRAEL LEWIS and JANE DREW are:

  i. ISRAEL LEWIS, b. 1748; d. December 28, 1820; m. SARAH SMITH; d. 1785.

  Burial: Anabaptist Burial Ground at Tovil, Kent
Christening: August 07, 1748, Earl St. Presbyterian Chapel, Maidstone
Codicil: March 20, 1807
Freedom: 1773, Maidstone Freemen Index 1734-1787, Patrimony Index
Probate: May 09, 1821
Will: December 13, 1805 
More About SARAH SMITH: 
Burial: February 15, 1785, All Saints, Maidstone



ii. DAVID LEWIS, b. 1750; d. after 1830. 
  Christening: April 22, 1750, Earl St. Presbyterian Chapel, Maidstone
Freedom: 1780, Maidstone Freemen Index 1734-1787, Patrimony Index
Residence: 1835, London, Maidstone Freeman's Roll 1835

  iii. JANE LEWIS, b. 1751; d. 1841. 

iv. LEYSON LEWIS, b. 1755; d. after 1821. 

v. GEORGE LEWIS, b. 1756; d. 1830. 

vi. ROBERT LEWIS, b. 1760; d. September 13, 1827. 
  Burial: Anabaptist Burial Ground at Tovil, Kent
Christening: May 13, 1760, Earl St. Presbyterian Chapel, Maidstone
Codicil: August 28, 1827
Freedom: 1793, Maidstone Freemen Index 1788-1842, Patrimony Index
Will: August 28, 1827

  vii. JAMES LEWIS, b. 1762. 
  Christening: October 15, 1762, Earl St. Presbyterian Chapel, Maidstone

  viii. MARY LEWIS, b. 1765; m. WILLIAM ELLIOTT.
  Christening: March 03, 1765, Earl St. Presbyterian Chapel, Maidstone



Generation No. 2 

2. JANE LEWIS was born 1751, and died 1841. She married THOMAS COOPER, April 26, 1774 in All Saints, Maidstone. He died after 1805.

  More About JANE LEWIS:

  Burial: February 08, 1841, All Saints, Maidstone

Christening: December 25, 1751, Earl St. Presbyterian Chapel, Maidstone

More About THOMAS COOPER:

Parish: 1774, Allhallows

  The children of JANE LEWIS and THOMAS COOPER are: 

i.LEWIS COOPER, b. 1776; d. October 28, 1842. 

ii. JAMES COOPER, b. 1792; d. May 24, 1820. 

More About JAMES COOPER: 

Burial: Anabaptist Burial Ground at Tovil, Kent

Christening: June 24, 1792, Earl St., Presbyterian Chapel, Maidstone

  iii.GEORGE COOPER, b. 1795; d. after 1827.

  More About GEORGE COOPER:

Christening: July 31, 1795, Earl St. Presbyterian Chapel, Maidstone

  iv. ANN COOPER, d. after 1827; m. WILLIAM GREEN; d. after 1827.

  v.DAVID COOPER, d. between 1821 - 1827.

  vi.ELIZABETH COOPER, d. after 1827. 

vii.LEYSON COOPER, d. after 1805; m. ELIZABETH NEWSON, October 01, 1810, St. Saviour, Norwich, Norfolk (per LDS); b. about 1779; d. 1851.

  More About ELIZABETH NEWSON: 

Burial: May 25, 1851, All Saints, Maidstone 

viii.ROBERT COOPER, d. after 1827. 

ix.SARAH COOPER, d. after 1827; m. BENJAMIN SEATON; d. after 1827.



LEYSON LEWIS was born in 1755, and died after 1821. He married ELIZABETH "ELVY" HARRIS, June 23, 1784 in All Saints, Maidstone. She was born about 1761, and died 1827.

  More About LEYSON LEWIS: 

Christening: March 23, 1755, Earl St. Presbyterian Chapel, Maidstone

Freedom: 1781, Maidstone Freemen Index 1734-1787, Patrimony Index

Parish: 1784, St. Peter Mancroft, Norwich, Norfolk

  More About ELIZABETH "ELVY" HARRIS: 

Burial: January 25, 1827, All Saints, Maidstone 

The children of LEYSON LEWIS and ELIZABETH HARRIS were:



i. JANE LEWIS, b. about 1787; d. 1816.

ii. LEYSON> LEWIS, b. 1788; d. 1825.

More About LEYSON LEWIS:



Burial: March 24, 1825, All Saints, Maidstone

Christening: August 22, 1788, Octagon - Presbyterian, Norwich, Norfolk, per LDS



ii i.ISRAEL HARRIS LEWIS, b. about 1792; d. 1878.



iv.ELIZABETH LEWIS, d. after 1840; m. JOSHUA WILLIAM ALDER, August 26, 1819, St. Bartholomew Exchange, London, England (per LDS); b. about 1789, Newcastle-upon-Tyne, England; d. September 11, 1837, Muncy Creek Township, Pennsylvania.



More About JOSHUA WILLIAM ALDER:



Graduation: Princeton, at age of 16



v.P HOEBE LEWIS, d. after 1827; m. JOHN HODGES, July 24, 1820, East Farleigh, Kent, England (per LDS); d. after 1827.



GEORGE LEWIS was born 1756, and died 1830. He married DRUCILLA HOWLETT after 1804. She died after 1840.

More About GEORGE LEWIS:
Burial: New York
Christening: November 16, 1756, Earl St. Presbyterian Chapel, Maidstone

The child of GEORGE LEWIS and DRUCILLA HOWLETT was an unknown female Lewis.



Generation No. 3



LEWI S COOPER was born 1776, and died October 28, 1842. He married MATILDA HAYWARD, January 15, 1799 in All Saints, Derby, England (per LDS). She was born 1783, and died June 17, 1854.

More About LEWIS COOPER:



Burial: Anabaptist Burial Ground at Tovil, Kent



M ore About MATILDA HAYWARD:



Burial: Anabaptist Burial Ground at Tovil, Kent



T he child of LEWIS COOPER and MATILDA HAYWARD was EMILY COOPER, b. 1802; d. September 10, 1877.



More About EMILY COOPER:



Burial: Anabaptist Burial Ground at Tovil, Kent



D AVID COOPER died between 1821 - 1827. He married LOUISA ________.



The children of DAVID COOPER and LOUISA __________ were:



i.ELIZA COOPER, b. about 1814; d. 1838.

More About ELIZA COOPER:



Burial: July 06, 1838, All Saints, Maidstone



ii. FEMALE1 COOPER, d. after 1827.



iii.FEMALE2 COOPER, d. after 1827.



iv. FEMALE3 COOPER, d. after 1827.



v. FEMALE4 COOPER, d. after 1827.



vi. FEMALE5 COOPER, d. after 1827.



vii.FEMALE6 COOPER, d. after 1827.



JANE LEWIS was born about 1787, and died 1816. She married ______ ALDER.



More About JANE LEWIS:



Burial: April 01, 1816, East Farleigh Parish, England



The child of JANE LEWIS and ________ ALDER was:



J ANE ALDER, b. about 1814; d. 1816.

More About JANE ALDER:



Burial: June 07, 1816, East Farleigh Parish, England



ISRAEL HARRIS LEWIS was born about 1792, and died 1878. He married after 1821 in England.

More About ISRAEL HARRIS LEWIS:



Christening: April 15, 1792, Octagon - Presbyterian, Norwich, Norfolk, per LDS



Th e child of ISRAEL HARRIS LEWIS and his unknown wife was:




L EYSON LEWIS, b. 1828, Gallants, East Farleigh, Kent; d. 1896; m. ISABELLA MARTINEAU, October 05, 1853, Norwich, Norfolk; b. March 19, 1832; d. 1900.

Albert Chamberlin Henry 1830-1909

While researching my stepfathers' Henry Line, I came across the memoirs of Albert Chamberlin Henry at the Lycoming Genealogical Society.  A quick search does not show a connection to the Henry Line I am researching, but I am putting this out there just in case anyone else is searching.  The pages I have copied here are the dry information that tells you who he is - that is what I needed, when I returned home, to see if there was a connection.  The pages I did not photograph are much more interesting.  The little I read was interesting tidbits about the area, his travels, etc.  When I have more time, I would enjoy reading it just to read it, and I suspect I may find bits and pieces that are in some way relevant to families I am researching in Lycoming County.

Albert Chamberlin Henry
son of William & Mary (Houseknecht) Henry
 William is the son of Benjamin & Rebeka Henry who came from NJin 1790
Mary is the daughter of John & Elizabeth Houseknecht
Born April 7 1830
Died October 16 1909
Married
Emily Morris
daughter of David & Elizabeth Morris
Born
Died of consumption May 20 1856
No Issue

Married 2nd
Harriet
Daughter of
Born
Died

Children of Albert & Harriet:
George Murray Henry
Anna Henry





Thursday, January 29, 2015

Unknown Lytle / Leidle / Leittle

attempting to find a connection to Sarah Elizabeth Lytle who married Alexander Aikey

Unknown Leidle
Son of
Born
Died Before 1870
Married
Catharine Marshall
daughter of
Born abt 1790
Died

Children:
Elizabeth M. Elias Mook

About 1790. Or 1811- Catherine Born
Depending on which census you believe.
census records all indicate she was born in PA

1860-
There are no Lytle's in the 1860 census in West Buffalo Twp Union County.

1870
NAME: Catharine Leidle
AGE IN 1870: 59
BIRTH YEAR: abt 1811
BIRTHPLACE: Pennsylvania
HOME IN 1870: West Buffalo, Union, Pennsylvania
RACE: White
GENDER: Female
POST OFFICE: Forest Hill
VALUE OF REAL ESTATE: View image
HOUSEHOLD MEMBERS:
NAME AGE
Elias Mook 40
Elisabeth Mook 39
Ann M Mook 12
Rachel R Mook 9
Susanna Mook 7
Caroline Mook 6
Elizabeth Mook 4
Elisabeth Mook 4
Samuel A Mook 10/12
Catharine Leidle 59

1880 - 
In the 1880 census it states that Catherine cannot read or write.
NAME: Catharine Leitle
AGE: 90
BIRTH YEAR: abt 1790
BIRTHPLACE: Pennsylvania
HOME IN 1880: West Buffalo, Union, Pennsylvania
RACE: White
GENDER: Female
RELATION TO HEAD OF HOUSE: Mother-in-law
MARITAL STATUS: Widowed
FATHER'S BIRTHPLACE: Pennsylvania
MOTHER'S BIRTHPLACE: Pennsylvania
NEIGHBORS: View others on page
HOUSEHOLD MEMBERS:
NAME AGE
Elias Mook 60
Elizabeth Mook 50
Rachel R. Mook 20
Susanna Mook 18
Caroline Mook 16
Elizabeth M. Mook 14
John G. Mook 13
Samuel A. Mook 10
Henry A. Mook 7
Elias E. Mook 3
Fanny Mook 1
Catharine Leitle 90


In the 1880 schedule of the poor & indigent, we find Catherine Leitle, Buffalo Twp, Union County
It appears to state that she has 3 sons, 4 daughters, and 1 brother



Research:
Elizabeth Lytle 1830-1914 married Elias Mook.  Elias & Elizabeth's son John Mook married Mary Alice Oberdorf (daughter of Alexander & Sarah (Lytle) Aikey) after her first husband committed suicide.  

Elizabeth was the daughter of unknown & Catherine (Marshall) Leidle)  The way these familied intermarried, there's likely to be some connection, but I haven't had much luck tracing the Lytle's at all. 

 In the Mazeppa cemetery, where Elias Mook is buried, there is a listing for an infant death - Death: William Lytel, Apr. 21, 1864
Inscription: 12 d; s/o John & Sarah

Samuel Thomas Lytle 1829-1907

Samuel T.  Lytle
son of
Born March 24 1829
Died December 25 1907
Married
Catharine Osman
daughter of
Born 1828
Died 1899

Children:



Time Line:

1860 - 
NAME: Samuel Lytle
AGE IN 1860: 31
BIRTH YEAR: abt 1829
BIRTHPLACE: Pennsylvania
HOME IN 1860: Harris, Centre, Pennsylvania
GENDER: Male
POST OFFICE: Boalsburg
VALUE OF REAL ESTATE: View image
HOUSEHOLD MEMBERS:
NAME AGE
Samuel Lytle 31
Catharine Lytle 31
Nancy M Lytle 6
James Lytle 4
Mary E Lytle 2

Civil War - 
CO. G. 148. PA. VOL.

NAME: Samuel T Lytle
AGE AT ENLISTMENT: 33
ENLISTMENT DATE: 5 Aug 1862
RANK AT ENLISTMENT: Private
STATE SERVED: Pennsylvania
SURVIVED THE WAR?: Yes
SERVICE RECORD: Enlisted in Company G, Pennsylvania 148th Infantry Regiment on 18 Aug 1862.Mustered out on 15 Apr 1864.Transferred to on 15 Apr 1864.Mustered out on 30 Jun 1865.
BIRTH DATE: abt 1829

SOURCES: History of Pennsylvania Volunteers, 1861-1865

1870
NAME: Samuel Lytle
AGE IN 1870: 40
BIRTH YEAR: abt 1830
BIRTHPLACE: Pennsylvania
HOME IN 1870: Potter, Centre, Pennsylvania
RACE: White
GENDER: Male
POST OFFICE: Spring Mills
VALUE OF REAL ESTATE: View image
HOUSEHOLD MEMBERS:
NAME AGE
Samuel Lytle 40
Katherine Lytle 35
James Lytle 11
Ellen Lytle 10
Anna Lytle 9
Elizabeth Lytle 5

William Lytle 4


1880 - 
NAME: Samuel Lytle
AGE: 51
BIRTH YEAR: abt 1829
BIRTHPLACE: Pennsylvania
HOME IN 1880: Potter, Centre, Pennsylvania
RACE: White
GENDER: Male
RELATION TO HEAD OF HOUSE: Self (Head)
MARITAL STATUS: Married
SPOUSE'S NAME: Catherine Lytle
FATHER'S BIRTHPLACE: Pennsylvania
MOTHER'S BIRTHPLACE: Pennsylvania
NEIGHBORS: View others on page
OCCUPATION: Laborer
HOUSEHOLD MEMBERS:
NAME AGE
Samuel Lytle 51
Catherine Lytle 53
William Lytle 11
Charles W. Lytle 7
John I. Lytle 6
James D. Lytle 22


1900
NAME: Samuel Lytle
AGE: 71
BIRTH DATE: Mar 1829
BIRTHPLACE: Pennsylvania
HOME IN 1900: State College, Centre, Pennsylvania
RACE: White
GENDER: Male
RELATION TO HEAD OF HOUSE: Head
MARITAL STATUS: Widowed
FATHER'S BIRTHPLACE: Pennsylvania
MOTHER'S BIRTHPLACE: Pennsylvania
OCCUPATION: View on Image
NEIGHBORS: View others on page
HOUSEHOLD MEMBERS:
NAME AGE
Samuel Lytle 71
Mary E Lytle 40
John E Lytle 27
Ruth Lytle 15

1907 -
NAME: Samuel T Lytte
GENDER: Male
RACE: White
AGE: 78
BIRTH DATE: 24 Mar 1829
BIRTH PLACE: Pennsylvania
DEATH DATE: 25 Dec 1907
DEATH PLACE: State College, Centre, Pennsylvania, USA
FATHER BIRTH PLACE: Pennsylvania
MOTHER BIRTH PLACE: Pennsylvania
CERTIFICATE NUMBER: 120387


Wednesday, January 28, 2015

A Time Line of The Children & Grandchildren Of Lewis Aikey in the Civil War

Time Line Taken And Adapted From:
http://www.historyplace.com/civilwar/


Lewis Aikey, veteran of the War of 1812, had at least 2 sons, 6 grandsons, and 2 "grandson in laws" (husbands of his grandaughter) who served in the civil war. The time line below attempts to track where each of the men served and which battles they fought in.

April 1861 - Fort Sumter Attacked

April 12, 1861 - At 4:30 a.m. Confederates under Gen. Pierre Beauregard open fire with 50 cannons upon Fort Sumter in Charleston, South Carolina. The Civil War begins.

Fort Sumter after its capture, showing damage from the Rebel bombardment of over 3000 shells and now flying the Rebel "Stars and Bars" - April 14, 1861.

April 15, 1861 - President Lincoln issues a Proclamation calling for 75,000 militiamen, and summoning a special session of Congress for July 4.

April 17, 1861 - Virginia secedes from the Union, followed within five weeks by Arkansas, Tennessee, and North Carolina, thus forming an eleven state Confederacy with a population of 9 million, including nearly 4 million slaves. The Union will soon have 21 states and a population of over 20 million.

April 19, 1861 - President Lincoln issues a Proclamation of Blockade against Southern ports. For the duration of the war the blockade limits the ability of the rural South to stay well supplied in its war against the industrialized North.

Adam's Son Samuel, enlisted in Company B, Illinois 15th Infantry Regiment on 24 May 1861 . Adam's son Martin, Enlisted in Company G, Illinois 15th Infantry Regiment on 24 May 1861. http://civilwar.illinoisgenweb.org/reg_html/015_reg.html
The brothers enlisted in the same regiment.

July 4, 1861 - Lincoln, in a speech to Congress, states the war is..."a People's contest...a struggle for maintaining in the world, that form, and substance of government, whose leading object is, to elevate the condition of men..." The Congress authorizes a call for 500,000 men.

July 1861 - First Bull Run

July 21, 1861 - The Union Army under Gen. Irvin McDowell suffers a defeat at Bull Run 25 miles southwest of Washington. Confederate Gen. Thomas J. Jackson earns the nickname "Stonewall," as his brigade resists Union attacks. Union troops fall back to Washington. President Lincoln realizes the war will be long. "It's damned bad," he comments.

Ruins of the Stone Bridge over which Northern forces retreated until it was blown up by a Rebel shell adding to the panic of the retreat, with the Federals returning to Washington as "a rain-soaked mob."

1862

Adam’s son Robert - enlisted February 1 1862, Private in Company G, 46th Illinois Infantry.  

February 6, 1862 - Victory for Gen. Ulysses S. Grant in Tennessee, capturing Fort Henry, and ten days later Fort Donelson. Grant earns the nickname "Unconditional Surrender" Grant.

Adam’s son Robert -  Private in Company G, 46th Illinois Infantry.
in the Battles of Ft Henry and Donelson
(near the Tennessee-Kentucky border)
http://civilwar.illinoisgenweb.org/battles/ftdonel.html

April 1862 - Shiloh

April 6/7, 1862 - Confederate surprise attack on Gen. Ulysses S. Grant's unprepared troops at Shiloh on the Tennessee River results in a bitter struggle with 13,000 Union killed and wounded and 10,000 Confederates, more men than in all previous American wars combined. The president is then pressured to relieve Grant but resists. "I can't spare this man; he fights," Lincoln says.

Adam’s son Robert - Private in Company G, 46th Illinois Infantry.
 Mortally wounded at Battle of Shiloh on 6 April. 
 Died in Regimental Hospital 9 April of gunshot wound, just 3 months after enlisting.

Adam's Son Martin,  Company G, Illinois 15th Regiment at Shiloh
Adam's Son Samuel Company BIllinois 15th Regiment at Shiloh
 http://civilwar.illinoisgenweb.org/battles/shiloh.html

April 24, 1862 - 17 Union ships under the command of Flag Officer David Farragut move up the Mississippi River then take New Orleans, the South's greatest seaport. Later in the war, sailing through a Rebel mine field Farragut utters the famous phrase "Damn the torpedoes, full speed ahead!"

Adam's Son Martin,  Company G, Illinois 15th Regiment 
Adam's Son Samuel Company BIllinois 15th Regiment 
in the Siege of Corinth (Corinth, Mississippi) April 29 - May 30, 1862
http://civilwar.illinoisgenweb.org/battles/sigcor.html

May 31, 1862 - The Battle of Seven Pines as Gen. Joseph E. Johnston's Army attacks McClellan's troops in front of Richmond and nearly defeats them. But Johnston is badly wounded.

June 25-July 1 - The Seven Days Battles as Lee attacks McClellan near Richmond, resulting in very heavy losses for both armies. McClellan then begins a withdrawal back toward Washington.


August 1862 - Second Battle of Bull Run

Robart's son William Henry, Co A, 131 Pa Regiment
Enlisted in Company A, Pennsylvania 131st Infantry Regiment on 06 Aug 1862.

August 29/30, 1862 - 75,000 Federals under Gen. John Pope are defeated by 55,000 Confederates under Gen. Stonewall Jackson and Gen. James Longstreet at the second battle of Bull Run in northern Virginia. Once again the Union Army retreats to Washington. The president then relieves Pope.

September 4-9, 1862 - Lee invades the North with 50,000 Confederates and heads for Harpers Ferry, located 50 miles northwest of Washington.

September 1862 - Antietam

September 17, 1862 - The bloodiest day in U.S. military history as Gen. Robert E. Lee and the Confederate Armies are stopped at Antietam in Maryland by McClellan and numerically superior Union forces. By nightfall 26,000 men are dead, wounded, or missing. Lee then withdraws to Virginia.

Confederate dead by the fence bordering Farmer Miller's 40 acre Cornfield at Antietam where the intense rifle and artillery fire cut every corn stalk to the ground "as closely as could have been done with a knife."

September 22, 1862 - Preliminary Emancipation Proclamation freeing slaves issued by President Lincoln.

President Lincoln visits Gen. George McClellan at Antietam, Maryland - October, 1862

10/15/1862  Lewis Aikey enlists in Co K 51 Regiment PA Volunteers

Robart's son William Henry, Co A, 131 Pa Regiment
Movement to Falmouth, Va., October 30-November 19
http://www.pacivilwar.com/regiment/131st.html

December 1862 - Fredericksburg

December 13, 1862 - Army of the Potomac under Gen. Burnside suffers a costly defeat at Fredericksburg in Virginia with a loss of 12,653 men after 14 frontal assaults on well entrenched Rebels on Marye's Heights. "We might as well have tried to take hell," a Union soldier remarks. Confederate losses are 5,309.

Robart's son William Henry, Co A, 131 Pa Regiment
Mustered out on 13 Dec 1862 at Fredericksburg, VA.
 "I sent a faithful detail in search of our lost comrades.  Lieutenant Kepler was left in command and I accompanied Lieutenant Fichthorn with a detail.  Privates William H. Aikey, George W. Lashells, and Henry Stees were known to have fallen, and many others were sorely wounded.  We failed to find Aikey; but several days after we returned to the old camp, when we continued our searched, we found his grave plainly marked with name, company, and regiment, in a field hospital burial ground, near the river, not far from Fredericksburg.  He was doubtless taken up and carried to the rear by our faithful ambulance corps."

"It is well that war is so terrible - we should grow too fond of it," states Lee during the fighting.

The 51st Regiment  - Lewis Aikey Co K.
  Timeline for the 51st Regiment 
   September- October   Duty at Pleasant Valley
   October 27-November 19  Movement to Falmouth, Va.

   December 12-15  Battle of Fredericksburg, Va.

Adam's Son Martin,  Company G, Illinois 15th Regiment 
Adam's Son Samuel Company BIllinois 15th Regiment 
in Operations against Vicksburg(Mississippi River above Vicksburg and Vicksburg, Mississippi)
December 1862 - July 4, 1863
http://civilwar.illinoisgenweb.org/battles/vicops.html

1863

January 1, 1863 - President Lincoln issues the final Emancipation Proclamation freeing all slaves in territories held by Confederates and emphasizes the enlisting of black soldiers in the Union Army. The war to preserve the Union now becomes a revolutionary struggle for the abolition of slavery.

January 29, 1863 - Gen. Grant is placed in command of the Army of the West, with orders to capture Vicksburg.

March 3, 1863 - The U.S. Congress enacts a draft, affecting male citizens aged 20 to 45, but also exempts those who pay $300 or provide a substitute. "The blood of a poor man is as precious as that of the wealthy," poor Northerners complain.

The 51st Regiment  - Lewis Aikey, Co K
  Timeline for the 51st Regiment 
January 20-24 Burnside's second Campaign. "Mud March"
February 19 Moved to Newport News
March 26-April 1 To Covington and Paris, Ky. Attached to to Army of the Ohio
April 3 Moved to Mount Sterling

May 1863 - Chancellorsville

May 1-4, 1863 - The Union Army under Gen. Hooker is decisively defeated by Lee's much smaller forces at the Battle of Chancellorsville in Virginia as a result of Lee's brilliant and daring tactics. Confederate Gen. Stonewall Jackson is mortally wounded by his own soldiers. Hooker retreats. Union losses are 17,000 killed, wounded and missing out of 130,000. The Confederates, 13, 000 out of 60,000.

June 3, 1863 - Gen. Lee with 75,000 Confederates launches his second invasion of the North, heading into Pennsylvania in a campaign that will soon lead to Gettysburg.

June 28, 1863 - President Lincoln appoints Gen. George G. Meade as commander of the Army of the Potomac, replacing Hooker. Meade is the 5th man to command the Army in less than a year.

The 51st Regiment  - Lewis Aikey, Co K
  Timeline for the 51st Regiment 
May 6-7 To Lancaster
May 23 To Crab Orchard
June 3-17 Movement to Vicksburg, Miss
June 17-July 4 Siege of Vicksburg; attached to the Army of the Tennessee

July 1863 - Gettysburg

July 1-3, 1863 - The tide of war turns against the South as the Confederates are defeated at the Battle of Gettysburg in Pennsylvania.

July 4, 1863 - Vicksburg, the last Confederate stronghold on the Mississippi River, surrenders to Gen. Grant and the Army of the West after a six week siege. With the Union now in control of the Mississippi, the Confederacy is effectively split in two, cut off from its western allies.

July 13-16, 1863 - Anti-draft riots in New York City include arson and the murder of blacks by poor immigrant whites. At least 120 persons, including children, are killed and $2 million in damage caused, until Union soldiers returning from Gettysburg restore order.

August 21, 1863 - At Lawrence, Kansas, pro-Confederate William C. Quantrill and 450 pro-slavery followers raid the town and butcher 182 boys and men.

The 51st Regiment  - Lewis Aikey, Co K
  Timeline for the 51st Regiment 
July 5-10 Advance on Jackson, Miss.
July 10-17 Siege of Jackson
July At Milldale
August 6-20 Moved to Cincinnati, Ohio and assigned to the Army of the Ohio


Chickamauga

September 19/20, 1863 - A decisive Confederate victory by Gen. Braxton Bragg's Army of Tennessee at Chickamauga leaves Gen. William S. Rosecrans' Union Army of the Cumberland trapped in Chattanooga, Tennessee under Confederate siege.

The 51st Regiment  - Lewis Aikey, Co K
  Timeline for the 51st Regiment 
August-October Duty in Kentucky

November 19, 1863 - The Gettysburg Address

President Lincoln delivers a two minute Gettysburg Address at a ceremony dedicating the Battlefield as a National Cemetery.

November 1863 - Chattanooga

November 23-25, 1863 - The Rebel siege of Chattanooga ends as Union forces under Grant defeat the siege army of Gen. Braxton Bragg. During the battle, one of the most dramatic moments of the war occurs. Yelling "Chickamauga! Chickamauga!" Union troops avenge their previous defeat at Chickamauga by storming up the face of Missionary Ridge without orders and sweep the Rebels from what had been though to be an impregnable position. "My God, come and see 'em run!" a Union soldier cries.

The 51st Regiment  - Lewis Aikey, Co K
  Timeline for the 51st Regiment 
November Operations in East Tennessee
November 4-December 23 Knoxville Campaign
November 16 Campbell's Station
November 17-December 4 Siege of Knoxville
December 5-29 Pursuit of Longstreet

1864

Robart's son Jeremiah enlisted as a private into Company E, 51st Pennsylvania Infantry Regiment on 22 February 1864. Robart's son Zachary, Enlisted as a private,  Co K, 51st Regiment, Pennsylvania Infantry February 22 1864 , The Same regiment as their Uncle Lewis Aikey.

May 4, 1864 - The beginning of a massive, coordinated campaign involving all the Union Armies. In Virginia, Grant with an Army of 120,000 begins advancing toward Richmond to engage Lee's Army of Northern Virginia, now numbering 64,000, beginning a war of attrition that will include major battles at the Wilderness (May 5-6), Spotsylvania (May 8-12), and Cold Harbor (June 1-3).


In the west, Sherman, with 100,000 men begins an advance toward Atlanta to engage Joseph E. Johnston's 60,000 strong Army of Tennessee.

The 51st Regiment  - Lewis Aikey, Co K
& Robart's son Jeremiah
& Robart's son Zachary,  Co K51st Regiment PA
  Timeline for the 51st Regiment 
January 1 Regiment reenlisted 
January 11- March 9 Regiment on Veteran furlough
March-April At Annapolis, Md. Attached to 1st Brigade, 3rd Division, 9th Army Corps, Army Potomac
May 4-June 12 Rapidan Campaign
May 5-7 Battle of the Wilderness
May 8-21 Battle of Spottsylvania Court House
May 9 Ny River
May 12 Assault on the Salient
May 23-26 North Anna River
May 24 Ox Ford
May 26-28 Line of the Pamunkey
May 28-31 Totopotomoy


Adam's Son Samuel, Mustered out on 20 Jul 1864.
Transferred to Company B, Illinois Vet Battn Infantry Battalion on 20 Jul 1864.
The 15th consolidated with 14th Infantry on July 1, 1864, they were a single 
battalion but were referred to as the "14th and 15th Illinois Veteran Battalion 

June 1864 - Cold Harbor

June 3, 1864 - A costly mistake by Grant results in 7,000 Union casualties in twenty minutes during an offensive against fortified Rebels at Cold Harbor in Virginia.

Many of the Union soldiers in the failed assault had predicted the outcome, including a dead soldier from Massachusetts whose last entry in his diary was, "June 3, 1864, Cold Harbor, Virginia. I was killed."

June 15, 1864 - Union forces miss an opportunity to capture Petersburg and cut off the Confederate rail lines. As a result, a nine month siege of Petersburg begins with Grant's forces surrounding Lee.

The 13-inch Union mortar "Dictator" mounted on a railroad flatcar at Petersburg. Its 200-pound shells had a range of over 2 miles.

The 51st Regiment  - Lewis Aikey, Co K
Robart's son Jeremiah Co. E 51st Regiment PA
Robart's son Zachary,  Co K51st Regiment PA
  Timeline for the 51st Regiment 
June 1-12 Battle of Cold Harbor
June 1-3 Bethesda Church
June 16-18 Before Petersburg. Siege of Petersburg begins.
July 30 Mine Explosion, Petersburg
August 18-21 Weldon Railroad

Robart's son Jeremiah was captured during the Battle of Weldon Road on 19 August 1864. He was first sent to the new prison at Andersonville, Georgia. 

Thomas Aikey - Co. D 208th Regiment PA
  Enlisted September 3 1864
http://www.pacivilwar.com/regiment/208th.html
Siege operations against Petersburg and, Richmond, Va., September, 1864, to April, 1865.
Picket and fatigue duty on the Bermuda Hundred front till November 27, 1864.

October 19, 1864 - A decisive Union victory by Cavalry Gen. Philip H. Sheridan in the Shenandoah Valley over Jubal Early's troops.

The 51st Regiment  - Lewis Aikey, Co K
Robart's son Zachary,  Co K51st Regiment PA
  Timeline for the 51st Regiment 
September Attached to 1st Brigade, 1st Division, 9th Army Corps
September 29-October 2 Poplar Springs Church, Peeble's Farm
October 8 Reconnaissance on Vaughan and Squirrel Level Road
October 27-28 Boydton Plank Road, Hatcher's Run

November 1864 - March to the Sea

November 15, 1864 - After destroying Atlanta's warehouses and railroad facilities, Sherman, with 62,000 men begins a March to the Sea. President Lincoln on advice from Grant approved the idea. "I can make Georgia howl!" Sherman boasts.

Adam's Son Martin,  Company G, Illinois 15th Regiment 
Adam's Son Samuel Company BIllinois 15th Regiment 
in the March to the Sea (Atlanta to Savannah, Georgia) May 6 - September 2, 1864
http://civilwar.illinoisgenweb.org/battles/sea.html

Robart's son Jeremiah was transferred up to Millen, Georgia sometime in December 1864 where he died. 

Thomas Aikey - Co. D 208th Regiment PA
http://www.pacivilwar.com/regiment/208th.html
Joined Army Potomac before Petersburg.
Movement in support of Weldon Railroad Expedition December 7-11.

December 15/16, 1864 - Hood's Rebel Army of 23,000 is crushed at Nashville by 55,000 Federals including Negro troops under Gen. George H. Thomas. The Confederate Army of Tennessee ceases as an effective fighting force.

December 21, 1864 - Sherman reaches Savannah in Georgia leaving behind a 300 mile long path of destruction 60 miles wide all the way from Atlanta. Sherman then telegraphs Lincoln, offering him Savannah as a Christmas present.


1865

January 31, 1865 - The U.S. Congress approves the Thirteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution, to abolish slavery. The amendment is then submitted to the states for ratification.

February 3, 1865 - A peace conference occurs as President Lincoln meets with Confederate Vice President Alexander Stephens at Hampton Roads in Virginia, but the meeting ends in failure - the war will continue.

Only Lee's Army at Petersburg and Johnston's forces in North Carolina remain to fight for the South against Northern forces now numbering 280,000 men.

Thomas Aikey - Co. D 208th Regiment PA
http://www.pacivilwar.com/regiment/208th.html
Dabney's Mills, Hatcher's Run, February 5-7, 1865.
Fort Stedman March 25.

March 25, 1865 - The last offensive for Lee's Army of Northern Virginia begins with an attack on the center of Grant's forces at Petersburg. Four hours later the attack is broken.

At Petersburg, Virginia, well supplied Union soldiers shown before Grant's spring offensive.

Thomas Aikey - Co. D 208th Regiment PA
http://www.pacivilwar.com/regiment/208th.html
Appomattox Campaign March 28-April 9.
Assault on and capture of Petersburg April 2.

April 2, 1865 - Grant's forces begin a general advance and break through Lee's lines at Petersburg. Confederate Gen. Ambrose P. Hill is killed. Lee evacuates Petersburg. The Confederate Capital, Richmond, is evacuated. Fires and looting break out. The next day, Union troops enter and raise the Stars and Stripes.

Thomas Aikey - Co. D 208th Regiment PA
http://www.pacivilwar.com/regiment/208th.html
Pursuit of Lee April 3-9.
At Nottaway Court House April 9-20.

The 51st Regiment  - Lewis Aikey, Co K
& Robart's son Zachary,  Co K51st Regiment PA
  Timeline for the 51st Regiment 
March 25 Fort Stedman
March 28-April 9 Appomattox Campaign
April 2 Assault on and fall of Petersburg

Adam's Son Samuel, Mustered out on 24 Mar 1865.
Transferred to Company B, Illinois 15th Infantry Regiment on 24 Mar 1865. 
15th (Reorganized) Illinois Infantry Regiment  
Companies B, D, and E transfered from Veteran Battalion, April 28, 1865 
New Companies of Recruits added to Regiment

April 1865 - Lee Surrenders

April 9, 1865 - Gen. Robert E. Lee surrenders his Confederate Army to Gen. Ulysses S. Grant at the village of Appomattox Court House in Virginia. Grant allows Rebel officers to keep their sidearms and permits soldiers to keep horses and mules.

"After four years of arduous service marked by unsurpassed courage and fortitude the Army of Northern Virginia has been compelled to yield to overwhelming numbers and resources," Lee tells his troops.

April 10, 1865 - Celebrations break out in Washington.

April 14, 1865 - The Stars and Stripes is ceremoniously raised over Fort Sumter. That night, Lincoln and his wife Mary see the play "Our American Cousin" at Ford's Theater. At 10:13 p.m., during the third act of the play, John Wilkes Booth shoots the president in the head. Doctors attend to the president in the theater then move him to a house across the street. He never regains consciousness.

April 15, 1865 - President Abraham Lincoln dies at 7:22 in the morning. Vice President Andrew Johnson assumes the presidency.

April 18, 1865 - Confederate Gen. Joseph E. Johnston surrenders to Sherman near Durham in North Carolina.

Thomas Aikey - Co. D 208th Regiment PA
http://www.pacivilwar.com/regiment/208th.html
Moved to City Point,
Thence to Alexandria April 20-28.
Duty at Alexandria till June.

The 51st Regiment  - Lewis Aikey, Co K
& Robart's son Zachary
  Timeline for the 51st Regiment 
April 20-28 Pursuit of Lee to Farmville. Moved to City Point, thence to Alexandria.

The 51st Regiment and 208th Regiment all headed from City Point to Alexandria, to the Grand Review on May 23.  It's possible brothers Lewis & Thomas, and their nephew Zachary, were all together in this time frame.

April 26, 1865 - John Wilkes Booth is shot and killed in a tobacco barn in Virginia.

May 4, 1865 - Abraham Lincoln is laid to rest in Oak Ridge Cemetery, outside Springfield, Illinois.

In May - Remaining Confederate forces surrender. The Nation is reunited as the Civil War ends. Over 620,000 Americans died in the war, with disease killing twice as many as those lost in battle. 50,000 survivors return home as amputees.

A victory parade is held in Washington along Pennsylvania Ave. to help boost the Nation's morale - May 23/24, 1865.

The 51st Regiment  - Lewis Aikey, Co K
& Robart's son Zachary
May 23 Grand Review

Thomas Aikey - Co. D 208th Regiment PA
http://www.pacivilwar.com/regiment/208th.html
Grand Review May 23.

Adam's son MartinMustered out on 24 May 1864.
Adam's Son Samuel, Mustered out on 30 May 1865.

June-July Duty at Washington and Alexandria

Thomas Aikey - Co. D 208th Regiment PA
Mustered Out June 7 1865

Robart's son Zachary,  Co K51st Regiment PA
Mustered out on 27 Jul 1865 at Alexandria, VA.
July 27, Lewis Aikey Mustered out

Adam's Son Samuel, On March 20 1878, he was admitted to the National Home for Disabled Volunteer Soldiers NW Branch min Wisconsin 


------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Lewis Aikey 1789-1862

Children & Grandchildren in the Civil War:


Adam - Died before war began
Robert died 3 months after enlisting, at Shiloh.  Martin & Samuel served in the same regiment.
  • Robert - Adam’s son Robert - Private in Company G, 46th Illinois Infantry. Mortally wounded at Battle of Shiloh on 6 April. 
     Died in Regimental Hospital 9 April of gunshot wound, just 3 months after enlisting.
  • Martin - Enlisted in Company G, Illinois 15th Infantry Regiment on 24 May 1861.Mustered out on 24 May 1864.
  • Samuel - Enlisted in Company B, Illinois 15th Infantry Regiment on 24 May 1861.Mustered out on 20 Jul 1864.Transferred to Company B, Illinois Vet Battn Infantry Battalion on 20 Jul 1864.Mustered out on 24 Mar 1865.Transferred to Company B, Illinois 15th Infantry Regiment on 24 Mar 1865.Mustered out on 30 May 1865.
  • Peter
Robart - age 44 in 1861
  • Robart's son Jeremiah, Company E, 51st Pennsylvania Infantry Regiment, the same regiment as his Uncle Lewis Aikey.  He enlisted as a private into Company E, 51st Pennsylvania Infantry Regiment on 22 February 1864. He was captured just 6 months later, during the Battle of Weldon Road on 19 August 1864. He was first sent to the new prison at Andersonville, Georgia. Transferred up to Millen, Georgia sometime in December 1864 where he died. (what was his cause of death?  He spent almost 4 monthsin prison, almost half of his time enlisted)
  • Robart's son William Henry, Co A, 131 Pa Regiment,  Enlisted August 6 1862  and died 4 months later at Fredericksburg.  His Uncle Lewis Aikey's regiment was also at Fredericksburg.
  • Robart's son Zachary,
 Benjamin Aikey - Age 40 in 1861
  • Fannie - both of Fannie's husbands served in the civil war
  •       Jeremiah Struble - 
  •       Jacob Shultz
6. Lewis Aikey - Co K 51 Regiment PV, 10/15/1862-7/27/1865

7. Thomas Aikey - Co. D 208th Regiment PV 9/5/1864-6/7/1865