Genealogy has become a hobby for me over the last 10 years. For me, it's like a puzzle, I love fitting the pieces together. But over the years, I've researched a lot that does not pertain to our family lines. Some for extended family, some for close friends, and some because I was trying to rule out lines to figure out where our line went exactly. I do not want these notes on my Heather's Genealogy Notes blog - because they are not our lines. But I do like to share all of my research, in case it benefits others. That is what this blog is for - research I have done that does not apply to our own family lines, but may be helpful for someone else.

Wednesday, January 28, 2015

A Time Line of The Children & Grandchildren Of Lewis Aikey in the Civil War

Time Line Taken And Adapted From:

Lewis Aikey, veteran of the War of 1812, had at least 2 sons, 6 grandsons, and 2 "grandson in laws" (husbands of his granddaughter) who served in the civil war. The time line below attempts to track where each of the men served and which battles they fought in.

Lewis Aikey 1789-1862

Children & Grandchildren in the Civil War:

Adam - Died before war began
Robert died 3 months after enlisting, at Shiloh.  Martin & Samuel served in the same regiment.
  • Robert - Adam’s son Robert - Private in Company G, 46th Illinois Infantry. Mortally wounded at Battle of Shiloh on 6 April. 
     Died in Regimental Hospital 9 April of gunshot wound, just 3 months after enlisting.
  • Martin - Enlisted in Company G, Illinois 15th Infantry Regiment on 24 May 1861.Mustered out on 24 May 1864.
  • Samuel - Enlisted in Company B, Illinois 15th Infantry Regiment on 24 May 1861.Mustered out on 20 Jul 1864.Transferred to Company B, Illinois Vet Battn Infantry Battalion on 20 Jul 1864.Mustered out on 24 Mar 1865.Transferred to Company B, Illinois 15th Infantry Regiment on 24 Mar 1865.Mustered out on 30 May 1865.
  • Peter
Robart - age 44 in 1861
  • Robart's son Jeremiah, Company E, 51st Pennsylvania Infantry Regiment, the same regiment as his Uncle Lewis Aikey.  He enlisted as a private into Company E, 51st Pennsylvania Infantry Regiment on 22 February 1864. He was captured just 6 months later, during the Battle of Weldon Road on 19 August 1864. He was first sent to the new prison at Andersonville, Georgia. Transferred up to Millen, Georgia sometime in December 1864 where he died. (what was his cause of death?  He spent almost 4 monthsin prison, almost half of his time enlisted)
  • Robart's son William Henry, Co A, 131 Pa Regiment,  Enlisted August 6 1862  and died 4 months later at Fredericksburg.  His Uncle Lewis Aikey's regiment was also at Fredericksburg.
  • Robart's son Zachary,
 Benjamin Aikey - Age 40 in 1861

6. Lewis Aikey - Co K 51 Regiment PV, 10/15/1862-7/27/1865

7. Thomas Aikey - Co. D 208th Regiment PV 9/5/1864-6/7/1865

April 1861 - Fort Sumter Attacked

April 12, 1861 - At 4:30 a.m. Confederates under Gen. Pierre Beauregard open fire with 50 cannons upon Fort Sumter in Charleston, South Carolina. The Civil War begins.

Fort Sumter after its capture, showing damage from the Rebel bombardment of over 3000 shells and now flying the Rebel "Stars and Bars" - April 14, 1861.

April 15, 1861 - President Lincoln issues a Proclamation calling for 75,000 militiamen, and summoning a special session of Congress for July 4.

April 17, 1861 - Virginia secedes from the Union, followed within five weeks by Arkansas, Tennessee, and North Carolina, thus forming an eleven state Confederacy with a population of 9 million, including nearly 4 million slaves. The Union will soon have 21 states and a population of over 20 million.

April 19, 1861 - President Lincoln issues a Proclamation of Blockade against Southern ports. For the duration of the war the blockade limits the ability of the rural South to stay well supplied in its war against the industrialized North.

Adam's Son Samuel, enlisted in Company B, Illinois 15th Infantry Regiment on 24 May 1861 . Adam's son Martin, Enlisted in Company G, Illinois 15th Infantry Regiment on 24 May 1861.
The brothers enlisted in the same regiment.

July 4, 1861 - Lincoln, in a speech to Congress, states the war is..."a People's contest...a struggle for maintaining in the world, that form, and substance of government, whose leading object is, to elevate the condition of men..." The Congress authorizes a call for 500,000 men.

July 1861 - First Bull Run

July 21, 1861 - The Union Army under Gen. Irvin McDowell suffers a defeat at Bull Run 25 miles southwest of Washington. Confederate Gen. Thomas J. Jackson earns the nickname "Stonewall," as his brigade resists Union attacks. Union troops fall back to Washington. President Lincoln realizes the war will be long. "It's damned bad," he comments.

Ruins of the Stone Bridge over which Northern forces retreated until it was blown up by a Rebel shell adding to the panic of the retreat, with the Federals returning to Washington as "a rain-soaked mob."


Adam’s son Robert - enlisted February 1 1862, Private in Company G, 46th Illinois Infantry.  

February 6, 1862 - Victory for Gen. Ulysses S. Grant in Tennessee, capturing Fort Henry, and ten days later Fort Donelson. Grant earns the nickname "Unconditional Surrender" Grant.

Adam’s son Robert -  Private in Company G, 46th Illinois Infantry.
in the Battles of Ft Henry and Donelson
(near the Tennessee-Kentucky border)

April 1862 - Shiloh

April 6/7, 1862 - Confederate surprise attack on Gen. Ulysses S. Grant's unprepared troops at Shiloh on the Tennessee River results in a bitter struggle with 13,000 Union killed and wounded and 10,000 Confederates, more men than in all previous American wars combined. The president is then pressured to relieve Grant but resists. "I can't spare this man; he fights," Lincoln says.

Adam’s son Robert - Private in Company G, 46th Illinois Infantry.
 Mortally wounded at Battle of Shiloh on 6 April. 
 Died in Regimental Hospital 9 April of gunshot wound, just 3 months after enlisting.

Adam's Son Martin,  Company G, Illinois 15th Regiment at Shiloh
Adam's Son Samuel Company BIllinois 15th Regiment at Shiloh

April 24, 1862 - 17 Union ships under the command of Flag Officer David Farragut move up the Mississippi River then take New Orleans, the South's greatest seaport. Later in the war, sailing through a Rebel mine field Farragut utters the famous phrase "Damn the torpedoes, full speed ahead!"

Adam's Son Martin,  Company G, Illinois 15th Regiment 
Adam's Son Samuel Company BIllinois 15th Regiment 
in the Siege of Corinth (Corinth, Mississippi) April 29 - May 30, 1862

May 31, 1862 - The Battle of Seven Pines as Gen. Joseph E. Johnston's Army attacks McClellan's troops in front of Richmond and nearly defeats them. But Johnston is badly wounded.

June 25-July 1 - The Seven Days Battles as Lee attacks McClellan near Richmond, resulting in very heavy losses for both armies. McClellan then begins a withdrawal back toward Washington.

August 1862 - Second Battle of Bull Run

Robart's son William Henry, Co A, 131 Pa Regiment
Enlisted in Company A, Pennsylvania 131st Infantry Regiment on 06 Aug 1862.

August 29/30, 1862 - 75,000 Federals under Gen. John Pope are defeated by 55,000 Confederates under Gen. Stonewall Jackson and Gen. James Longstreet at the second battle of Bull Run in northern Virginia. Once again the Union Army retreats to Washington. The president then relieves Pope.

September 4-9, 1862 - Lee invades the North with 50,000 Confederates and heads for Harpers Ferry, located 50 miles northwest of Washington.

September 1862 - Antietam

September 17, 1862 - The bloodiest day in U.S. military history as Gen. Robert E. Lee and the Confederate Armies are stopped at Antietam in Maryland by McClellan and numerically superior Union forces. By nightfall 26,000 men are dead, wounded, or missing. Lee then withdraws to Virginia.

Confederate dead by the fence bordering Farmer Miller's 40 acre Cornfield at Antietam where the intense rifle and artillery fire cut every corn stalk to the ground "as closely as could have been done with a knife."

September 22, 1862 - Preliminary Emancipation Proclamation freeing slaves issued by President Lincoln.

President Lincoln visits Gen. George McClellan at Antietam, Maryland - October, 1862

10/15/1862  Lewis Aikey enlists in Co K 51 Regiment PA Volunteers

Robart's son William Henry, Co A, 131 Pa Regiment
Movement to Falmouth, Va., October 30-November 19

December 1862 - Fredericksburg

December 13, 1862 - Army of the Potomac under Gen. Burnside suffers a costly defeat at Fredericksburg in Virginia with a loss of 12,653 men after 14 frontal assaults on well entrenched Rebels on Marye's Heights. "We might as well have tried to take hell," a Union soldier remarks. Confederate losses are 5,309.

Robart's son William Henry, Co A, 131 Pa Regiment
Mustered out on 13 Dec 1862 at Fredericksburg, VA.
 "I sent a faithful detail in search of our lost comrades.  Lieutenant Kepler was left in command and I accompanied Lieutenant Fichthorn with a detail.  Privates William H. Aikey, George W. Lashells, and Henry Stees were known to have fallen, and many others were sorely wounded.  We failed to find Aikey; but several days after we returned to the old camp, when we continued our searched, we found his grave plainly marked with name, company, and regiment, in a field hospital burial ground, near the river, not far from Fredericksburg.  He was doubtless taken up and carried to the rear by our faithful ambulance corps."

"It is well that war is so terrible - we should grow too fond of it," states Lee during the fighting.

The 51st Regiment  - Lewis Aikey Co K.
  Timeline for the 51st Regiment 
   September- October   Duty at Pleasant Valley
   October 27-November 19  Movement to Falmouth, Va.

   December 12-15  Battle of Fredericksburg, Va.

Adam's Son Martin,  Company G, Illinois 15th Regiment 
Adam's Son Samuel Company BIllinois 15th Regiment 
in Operations against Vicksburg(Mississippi River above Vicksburg and Vicksburg, Mississippi)
December 1862 - July 4, 1863


January 1, 1863 - President Lincoln issues the final Emancipation Proclamation freeing all slaves in territories held by Confederates and emphasizes the enlisting of black soldiers in the Union Army. The war to preserve the Union now becomes a revolutionary struggle for the abolition of slavery.

January 29, 1863 - Gen. Grant is placed in command of the Army of the West, with orders to capture Vicksburg.

March 3, 1863 - The U.S. Congress enacts a draft, affecting male citizens aged 20 to 45, but also exempts those who pay $300 or provide a substitute. "The blood of a poor man is as precious as that of the wealthy," poor Northerners complain.

The 51st Regiment  - Lewis Aikey, Co K
  Timeline for the 51st Regiment 
January 20-24 Burnside's second Campaign. "Mud March"
February 19 Moved to Newport News
March 26-April 1 To Covington and Paris, Ky. Attached to to Army of the Ohio
April 3 Moved to Mount Sterling

May 1863 - Chancellorsville

May 1-4, 1863 - The Union Army under Gen. Hooker is decisively defeated by Lee's much smaller forces at the Battle of Chancellorsville in Virginia as a result of Lee's brilliant and daring tactics. Confederate Gen. Stonewall Jackson is mortally wounded by his own soldiers. Hooker retreats. Union losses are 17,000 killed, wounded and missing out of 130,000. The Confederates, 13, 000 out of 60,000.

June 3, 1863 - Gen. Lee with 75,000 Confederates launches his second invasion of the North, heading into Pennsylvania in a campaign that will soon lead to Gettysburg.

June 28, 1863 - President Lincoln appoints Gen. George G. Meade as commander of the Army of the Potomac, replacing Hooker. Meade is the 5th man to command the Army in less than a year.

The 51st Regiment  - Lewis Aikey, Co K
  Timeline for the 51st Regiment 
May 6-7 To Lancaster
May 23 To Crab Orchard
June 3-17 Movement to Vicksburg, Miss
June 17-July 4 Siege of Vicksburg; attached to the Army of the Tennessee

July 1863 - Gettysburg

July 1-3, 1863 - The tide of war turns against the South as the Confederates are defeated at the Battle of Gettysburg in Pennsylvania.

July 4, 1863 - Vicksburg, the last Confederate stronghold on the Mississippi River, surrenders to Gen. Grant and the Army of the West after a six week siege. With the Union now in control of the Mississippi, the Confederacy is effectively split in two, cut off from its western allies.

July 13-16, 1863 - Anti-draft riots in New York City include arson and the murder of blacks by poor immigrant whites. At least 120 persons, including children, are killed and $2 million in damage caused, until Union soldiers returning from Gettysburg restore order.

August 21, 1863 - At Lawrence, Kansas, pro-Confederate William C. Quantrill and 450 pro-slavery followers raid the town and butcher 182 boys and men.

The 51st Regiment  - Lewis Aikey, Co K
  Timeline for the 51st Regiment 
July 5-10 Advance on Jackson, Miss.
July 10-17 Siege of Jackson
July At Milldale
August 6-20 Moved to Cincinnati, Ohio and assigned to the Army of the Ohio


September 19/20, 1863 - A decisive Confederate victory by Gen. Braxton Bragg's Army of Tennessee at Chickamauga leaves Gen. William S. Rosecrans' Union Army of the Cumberland trapped in Chattanooga, Tennessee under Confederate siege.

The 51st Regiment  - Lewis Aikey, Co K
  Timeline for the 51st Regiment 
August-October Duty in Kentucky

November 19, 1863 - The Gettysburg Address

President Lincoln delivers a two minute Gettysburg Address at a ceremony dedicating the Battlefield as a National Cemetery.

November 1863 - Chattanooga

November 23-25, 1863 - The Rebel siege of Chattanooga ends as Union forces under Grant defeat the siege army of Gen. Braxton Bragg. During the battle, one of the most dramatic moments of the war occurs. Yelling "Chickamauga! Chickamauga!" Union troops avenge their previous defeat at Chickamauga by storming up the face of Missionary Ridge without orders and sweep the Rebels from what had been though to be an impregnable position. "My God, come and see 'em run!" a Union soldier cries.

The 51st Regiment  - Lewis Aikey, Co K
  Timeline for the 51st Regiment 
November Operations in East Tennessee
November 4-December 23 Knoxville Campaign
November 16 Campbell's Station
November 17-December 4 Siege of Knoxville
December 5-29 Pursuit of Longstreet


Robart's son Jeremiah enlisted as a private into Company E, 51st Pennsylvania Infantry Regiment on 22 February 1864. Robart's son Zachary, Enlisted as a private,  Co K, 51st Regiment, Pennsylvania Infantry February 22 1864 , The Same regiment as their Uncle Lewis Aikey.

May 4, 1864 - The beginning of a massive, coordinated campaign involving all the Union Armies. In Virginia, Grant with an Army of 120,000 begins advancing toward Richmond to engage Lee's Army of Northern Virginia, now numbering 64,000, beginning a war of attrition that will include major battles at the Wilderness (May 5-6), Spotsylvania (May 8-12), and Cold Harbor (June 1-3).

In the west, Sherman, with 100,000 men begins an advance toward Atlanta to engage Joseph E. Johnston's 60,000 strong Army of Tennessee.

The 51st Regiment  - Lewis Aikey, Co K
& Robart's son Jeremiah
& Robart's son Zachary,  Co K51st Regiment PA
  Timeline for the 51st Regiment 
January 1 Regiment reenlisted 
January 11- March 9 Regiment on Veteran furlough
March-April At Annapolis, Md. Attached to 1st Brigade, 3rd Division, 9th Army Corps, Army Potomac
May 4-June 12 Rapidan Campaign
May 5-7 Battle of the Wilderness
May 8-21 Battle of Spottsylvania Court House
May 9 Ny River
May 12 Assault on the Salient
May 23-26 North Anna River
May 24 Ox Ford
May 26-28 Line of the Pamunkey
May 28-31 Totopotomoy

Adam's Son Samuel, Mustered out on 20 Jul 1864.
Transferred to Company B, Illinois Vet Battn Infantry Battalion on 20 Jul 1864.
The 15th consolidated with 14th Infantry on July 1, 1864, they were a single 
battalion but were referred to as the "14th and 15th Illinois Veteran Battalion 

June 1864 - Cold Harbor

June 3, 1864 - A costly mistake by Grant results in 7,000 Union casualties in twenty minutes during an offensive against fortified Rebels at Cold Harbor in Virginia.

Many of the Union soldiers in the failed assault had predicted the outcome, including a dead soldier from Massachusetts whose last entry in his diary was, "June 3, 1864, Cold Harbor, Virginia. I was killed."

June 15, 1864 - Union forces miss an opportunity to capture Petersburg and cut off the Confederate rail lines. As a result, a nine month siege of Petersburg begins with Grant's forces surrounding Lee.

The 13-inch Union mortar "Dictator" mounted on a railroad flatcar at Petersburg. Its 200-pound shells had a range of over 2 miles.

The 51st Regiment  - Lewis Aikey, Co K
Robart's son Jeremiah Co. E 51st Regiment PA
Robart's son Zachary,  Co K51st Regiment PA
  Timeline for the 51st Regiment 
June 1-12 Battle of Cold Harbor
June 1-3 Bethesda Church
June 16-18 Before Petersburg. Siege of Petersburg begins.
July 30 Mine Explosion, Petersburg
August 18-21 Weldon Railroad

Robart's son Jeremiah was captured during the Battle of Weldon Road on 19 August 1864. He was first sent to the new prison at Andersonville, Georgia. 

Thomas Aikey - Co. D 208th Regiment PA
  Enlisted September 3 1864
Siege operations against Petersburg and, Richmond, Va., September, 1864, to April, 1865.
Picket and fatigue duty on the Bermuda Hundred front till November 27, 1864.

October 19, 1864 - A decisive Union victory by Cavalry Gen. Philip H. Sheridan in the Shenandoah Valley over Jubal Early's troops.

The 51st Regiment  - Lewis Aikey, Co K
Robart's son Zachary,  Co K51st Regiment PA
  Timeline for the 51st Regiment 
September Attached to 1st Brigade, 1st Division, 9th Army Corps
September 29-October 2 Poplar Springs Church, Peeble's Farm
October 8 Reconnaissance on Vaughan and Squirrel Level Road
October 27-28 Boydton Plank Road, Hatcher's Run

November 1864 - March to the Sea

November 15, 1864 - After destroying Atlanta's warehouses and railroad facilities, Sherman, with 62,000 men begins a March to the Sea. President Lincoln on advice from Grant approved the idea. "I can make Georgia howl!" Sherman boasts.

Adam's Son Martin,  Company G, Illinois 15th Regiment 
Adam's Son Samuel Company BIllinois 15th Regiment 
in the March to the Sea (Atlanta to Savannah, Georgia) May 6 - September 2, 1864

Robart's son Jeremiah was transferred up to Millen, Georgia sometime in December 1864 where he died. 

Thomas Aikey - Co. D 208th Regiment PA
Joined Army Potomac before Petersburg.
Movement in support of Weldon Railroad Expedition December 7-11.

December 15/16, 1864 - Hood's Rebel Army of 23,000 is crushed at Nashville by 55,000 Federals including Negro troops under Gen. George H. Thomas. The Confederate Army of Tennessee ceases as an effective fighting force.

December 21, 1864 - Sherman reaches Savannah in Georgia leaving behind a 300 mile long path of destruction 60 miles wide all the way from Atlanta. Sherman then telegraphs Lincoln, offering him Savannah as a Christmas present.


January 31, 1865 - The U.S. Congress approves the Thirteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution, to abolish slavery. The amendment is then submitted to the states for ratification.

February 3, 1865 - A peace conference occurs as President Lincoln meets with Confederate Vice President Alexander Stephens at Hampton Roads in Virginia, but the meeting ends in failure - the war will continue.

Only Lee's Army at Petersburg and Johnston's forces in North Carolina remain to fight for the South against Northern forces now numbering 280,000 men.

Thomas Aikey - Co. D 208th Regiment PA
Dabney's Mills, Hatcher's Run, February 5-7, 1865.
Fort Stedman March 25.

March 25, 1865 - The last offensive for Lee's Army of Northern Virginia begins with an attack on the center of Grant's forces at Petersburg. Four hours later the attack is broken.

At Petersburg, Virginia, well supplied Union soldiers shown before Grant's spring offensive.

Thomas Aikey - Co. D 208th Regiment PA
Appomattox Campaign March 28-April 9.
Assault on and capture of Petersburg April 2.

April 2, 1865 - Grant's forces begin a general advance and break through Lee's lines at Petersburg. Confederate Gen. Ambrose P. Hill is killed. Lee evacuates Petersburg. The Confederate Capital, Richmond, is evacuated. Fires and looting break out. The next day, Union troops enter and raise the Stars and Stripes.

Thomas Aikey - Co. D 208th Regiment PA
Pursuit of Lee April 3-9.
At Nottaway Court House April 9-20.

The 51st Regiment  - Lewis Aikey, Co K
& Robart's son Zachary,  Co K51st Regiment PA
  Timeline for the 51st Regiment 
March 25 Fort Stedman
March 28-April 9 Appomattox Campaign
April 2 Assault on and fall of Petersburg

Adam's Son Samuel, Mustered out on 24 Mar 1865.
Transferred to Company B, Illinois 15th Infantry Regiment on 24 Mar 1865. 
15th (Reorganized) Illinois Infantry Regiment  
Companies B, D, and E transfered from Veteran Battalion, April 28, 1865 
New Companies of Recruits added to Regiment

April 1865 - Lee Surrenders

April 9, 1865 - Gen. Robert E. Lee surrenders his Confederate Army to Gen. Ulysses S. Grant at the village of Appomattox Court House in Virginia. Grant allows Rebel officers to keep their sidearms and permits soldiers to keep horses and mules.

"After four years of arduous service marked by unsurpassed courage and fortitude the Army of Northern Virginia has been compelled to yield to overwhelming numbers and resources," Lee tells his troops.

April 10, 1865 - Celebrations break out in Washington.

April 14, 1865 - The Stars and Stripes is ceremoniously raised over Fort Sumter. That night, Lincoln and his wife Mary see the play "Our American Cousin" at Ford's Theater. At 10:13 p.m., during the third act of the play, John Wilkes Booth shoots the president in the head. Doctors attend to the president in the theater then move him to a house across the street. He never regains consciousness.

April 15, 1865 - President Abraham Lincoln dies at 7:22 in the morning. Vice President Andrew Johnson assumes the presidency.

April 18, 1865 - Confederate Gen. Joseph E. Johnston surrenders to Sherman near Durham in North Carolina.

Thomas Aikey - Co. D 208th Regiment PA
Moved to City Point,
Thence to Alexandria April 20-28.
Duty at Alexandria till June.

The 51st Regiment  - Lewis Aikey, Co K
& Robart's son Zachary
  Timeline for the 51st Regiment 
April 20-28 Pursuit of Lee to Farmville. Moved to City Point, thence to Alexandria.

The 51st Regiment and 208th Regiment all headed from City Point to Alexandria, to the Grand Review on May 23.  It's possible brothers Lewis & Thomas, and their nephew Zachary, were all together in this time frame.

April 26, 1865 - John Wilkes Booth is shot and killed in a tobacco barn in Virginia.

May 4, 1865 - Abraham Lincoln is laid to rest in Oak Ridge Cemetery, outside Springfield, Illinois.

In May - Remaining Confederate forces surrender. The Nation is reunited as the Civil War ends. Over 620,000 Americans died in the war, with disease killing twice as many as those lost in battle. 50,000 survivors return home as amputees.

A victory parade is held in Washington along Pennsylvania Ave. to help boost the Nation's morale - May 23/24, 1865.

The 51st Regiment  - Lewis Aikey, Co K
& Robart's son Zachary
May 23 Grand Review

Thomas Aikey - Co. D 208th Regiment PA
Grand Review May 23.

Adam's son MartinMustered out on 24 May 1864.
Adam's Son Samuel, Mustered out on 30 May 1865.

June-July Duty at Washington and Alexandria

Thomas Aikey - Co. D 208th Regiment PA
Mustered Out June 7 1865

Robart's son Zachary,  Co K51st Regiment PA
Mustered out on 27 Jul 1865 at Alexandria, VA.
July 27, Lewis Aikey Mustered out

Adam's Son Samuel, On March 20 1878, he was admitted to the National Home for Disabled Volunteer Soldiers NW Branch min Wisconsin 


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